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    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Autophagy is a critical regulator of memory CD8+ T cell formation

    Daniel J Puleston et al.
    Autophagy is required for CD8+ T cell memory formation; in aged individuals autophagy levels are diminished, and increasing autophagy enhances their CD8+ T cell responses.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The transforming growth factor beta signaling pathway is critical for the formation of CD4 T follicular helper cells and isotype-switched antibody responses in the lung mucosa

    Heather D Marshall et al.
    Differentiation of CD4 T cells into CD4 T follicular helper cells during viral infection in mice is promoted by tumor growth factor beta.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Memory CD4 T cell subsets are kinetically heterogeneous and replenished from naive T cells at high levels

    Graeme Gossel et al.
    The maintenance of memory CD4 T cells in mice relies on a continual and strikingly high level of replenishment from naive precursors, and older memory T cells may resist the influx of newer ones.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Essential yet limited role for CCR2+ inflammatory monocytes during Mycobacterium tuberculosis-specific T cell priming

    Miriam Samstein et al.
    Inflammatory monocytes carry live Mycobacteria from the lung to draining lymph nodes and acquire many characteristics of dendritic cells but fail to stimulate proliferation of CD4 T cells.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Interrogating the recognition landscape of a conserved HIV-specific TCR reveals distinct bacterial peptide cross-reactivity

    Juan L Mendoza et al.
    Potential for specific microbiome-directed, MHC-restricted shaping of a commonly selected HIV-specific CD8+ T cell population was suggested by MHC class I yeast display-based peptide screening approaches.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The transcription factors Runx3 and ThPOK cross-regulate acquisition of cytotoxic function by human Th1 lymphocytes

    Yasmina Serroukh et al.
    The acquisition of cytotoxic function by human CD4 T cells is an integral part of the T helper 1 differentiation pathway and is limited by the transcription factor ThPOK.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Germinal center B cell development has distinctly regulated stages completed by disengagement from T cell help

    Ting-ting Zhang et al.
    CD40 signaling is necessary to generate the immediate precursors of GC B cells, transition to the BCL6hi follicular state is promoted by a regional and transient diminution of T cell help.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cytomegalovirus protein m154 perturbs the adaptor protein-1 compartment mediating broad-spectrum immune evasion

    Ivana Strazic Geljic et al.
    Single mouse cytomegalovirus protein, m154, downmodulates surface expression of numerous targets important for NK and CD8 T cell activation by perturbing adaptor protein-1 sorting and redirecting targets to lysosomal degradation.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Epigenetic modification of the PD-1 (Pdcd1) promoter in effector CD4+ T cells tolerized by peptide immunotherapy

    Rhoanne C McPherson et al.
    Peptide immunotherapy in mice depends upon sustained expression of co-inhibitory protein PD-1 in T cells.