242 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Peripheral natural killer cells in chronic hepatitis B patients display multiple molecular features of T cell exhaustion

    Marie Marotel et al.
    Similar to T cell exhaustion, natural killer cell dysfunction in chronic hepatitis B patients results from deregulated calcium pathway.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Long-term antigen exposure irreversibly modifies metabolic requirements for T cell function

    Marie Bettonville et al.
    Long-term exposure to recipient's alloantigens promotes major metabolic defects in T cells that are independent of PD-1-mediated regulation.
    1. Cell Biology

    Molecular basis for dyneinopathies reveals insight into dynein regulation and dysfunction

    Matthew G Marzo et al.
    A mutagenesis screen in budding yeast sheds light on dynein regulation and function, and reveals the molecular basis for disease in patients suffering from neuropathies caused by dynein dysfunction.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Neonatal-derived IL-17 producing dermal γδ T cells are required to prevent spontaneous atopic dermatitis

    Nicholas A Spidale et al.
    Neonatal-origin dermal Tγδ17 cells are required to maintain normal keratinocytes and prevent spontaneous atopic dermatitis.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Antigen presentation and tumor immunogenicity in cancer immunotherapy response prediction

    Shixiang Wang et al.
    Tumor immunogenicity is quantified with a novel method, and the resulting tumor immunogenicity score is an effective tumor-inherent biomarker for prediction of response to immune checkpoint inhibitors.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Macrophage dysfunction initiates colitis during weaning of infant mice lacking the interleukin-10 receptor

    Naresh S Redhu et al.
    A detailed time-series analysis reveals that the interleukin-10 receptor prevents susceptibility to microbiota-driven colonic inflammation that emerges at the time of weaning by directly inhibiting the acquisition of a pro-inflammatory intestinal macrophage phenotype.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Bystander hyperactivation of preimmune CD8+ T cells in chronic HCV patients

    Cécile Alanio et al.
    Naïve CD8+ T cells are dysregulated during chronic hepatitis C (HCV) infection, and this is reversible after viral clearance.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Interrogating the recognition landscape of a conserved HIV-specific TCR reveals distinct bacterial peptide cross-reactivity

    Juan L Mendoza et al.
    Potential for specific microbiome-directed, MHC-restricted shaping of a commonly selected HIV-specific CD8+ T cell population was suggested by MHC class I yeast display-based peptide screening approaches.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    The effects of age and systemic metabolism on anti-tumor T cell responses

    Jefte M Drijvers et al.
    A comprehensive literature review delineates the current knowledge of how systemic context, such as age and obesity, can impact CD8+ T cell function, anti-tumor immunity, and immunotherapy responsiveness.
    1. Cell Biology

    Mitochondrial biogenesis is transcriptionally repressed in lysosomal lipid storage diseases

    King Faisal Yambire et al.
    Transcription factors KLF2 and ETV1 repress the transcriptional program of mitochondrial biogenesis, resulting in impaired mitochondrial function in lysosomal storage diseases.

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