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    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Linker histone H1.8 inhibits chromatin binding of condensins and DNA topoisomerase II to tune chromosome length and individualization

    Pavan Choppakatla et al.
    Linker histone H1.8 shapes mitotic chromosomes by tuning the number and size of condensin-dependent DNA loops and suppressing condensin and DNA topoisomerase II-dependent individualization.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Structure of the germline genome of Tetrahymena thermophila and relationship to the massively rearranged somatic genome

    Eileen P Hamilton et al.
    The model organism Tetrahymena thermopile carries two nuclei with distinct genomes: an unrearranged germline genome with five chromosomes, and a somatic genome reduced in size by a third and with 181 chromosomes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Characterisation of the biflavonoid hinokiflavone as a pre-mRNA splicing modulator that inhibits SENP

    Andrea Pawellek et al.
    Hinokiflavone is identified as a splicing modulator that blocks progression from spliceosome complex A to complex B and inhibits SUMO protease SENP1, causing hyper-SUMOylation affecting 6 U2 snRNP proteins.
    1. Cell Biology

    Optogenetic control of PRC1 reveals its role in chromosome alignment on the spindle by overlap length-dependent forces

    Mihaela Jagrić et al.
    Optogenetic experiments show that bridging microtubules buffer chromosome movements and promote their alignment through forces transferred to the associated kinetochore fibers, which rely on precise regulation of the overlap region.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    An evolutionary recent IFN/IL-6/CEBP axis is linked to monocyte expansion and tuberculosis severity in humans

    Murilo Delgobo et al.
    Mycobacterium tuberculosis exploits an IFN/IL6/CEBP axis linked to monocyte expansion in humans.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    PLZF targets developmental enhancers for activation during osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells

    Shuchi Agrawal Singh et al.
    A key transcription-factor for osteogenic differentiation, PLZF, acts as a transcriptional activator by binding to active developmental enhancers and facilitates mediator recruitment, but is not involved in enhancer looping.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    TDP-43 maximizes nerve conduction velocity by repressing a cryptic exon for paranodal junction assembly in Schwann cells

    Kae-Jiun Chang et al.
    Glial TDP-43 regulates splicing and expression of neurofascin and is required for proper assembly and maintenance of paranodal axoglial junctions.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Centromere deletion in Cryptococcus deuterogattii leads to neocentromere formation and chromosome fusions

    Klaas Schotanus, Joseph Heitman
    Centromere deletion in Cryptococcus deuterogattii results in neocentromeres, which span actively expressed genes and at elevated temperatures cen10∆ mutants are unstable leading to chromosome fusion and silencing of the neocentromere.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A genetic program mediates cold-warming response and promotes stress-induced phenoptosis in C. elegans

    Wei Jiang et al.
    A gene regulatory program regulating thermal stress response and organismic death.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Re-visiting the trans insertion model for complexin clamping

    Shyam S Krishnakumar et al.
    Biochemical experiments provide support for the trans insertion model for clamping in the regulation of neurotransmitter release by complexin.