11,759 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    High-resolution mapping of heteroduplex DNA formed during UV-induced and spontaneous mitotic recombination events in yeast

    Yi Yin et al.
    Genome-wide mapping of heteroduplex DNA (a recombination intermediate) formed during mitotic recombination in yeast demonstrates that the "classical" model of double-strand DNA break repair is inadequate to explain several aspects of mitotic recombination.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Free-living human cells reconfigure their chromosomes in the evolution back to uni-cellularity

    Jin Xu et al.
    Human cell lines regress to become ‘de-sexualized’ by reconfiguring to a 2:3 X/A ratio of high fitness, thus shedding light on the evolution of mammalian sex chromosomes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cortical excitability signatures for the degree of sleepiness in human

    Chin-Hsuan Chia et al.
    Patterns of cortical excitability changes reflect the degree of sleepiness in humans.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Shearing in flow environment promotes evolution of social behavior in microbial populations

    Gurdip Uppal, Dervis Can Vural
    Shearing in fluid flow induces or enhances budding dispersal in microbial populations, resulting in stronger cooperative behavior.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Naa12 compensates for Naa10 in mice in the amino-terminal acetylation pathway

    Hyae Yon Kweon et al.
    Mice doubly deficient for Naa10 and Naa12 display embryonic lethality, with both enzymes compensating for each other with amino-terminal acetylation of proteins in mouse development.
    1. Neuroscience

    Rapid whole brain imaging of neural activity in freely behaving larval zebrafish (Danio rerio)

    Lin Cong et al.
    The integration of a novel high spatiotemporal resolution volume imaging technique and a fast 3D tracking system allows capturing whole brain neural activities in a freely behaving larval zebrafish.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    AIRE is a critical spindle-associated protein in embryonic stem cells

    Bin Gu et al.
    AIRE played novel roles in the mitosis process in embryonic stem cells and early embryo cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Ecology

    Sex-specific triacylglycerides are widely conserved in Drosophila and mediate mating behavior

    Jacqueline SR Chin et al.
    Triacylglycerides found in the males of 11 species of Drosophila form a largely overlooked, novel, sex-specific class of pheromones that act to suppress courtship behaviour.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    Set7 mediated Gli3 methylation plays a positive role in the activation of Sonic Hedgehog pathway in mammals

    Lin Fu et al.
    Methylation of Gli3 by Set7 enhances the activation of Hedgehog signaling and contributes to tumor growth and metastasis in vitro and in vivo.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cohabiting family members share microbiota with one another and with their dogs

    Se Jin Song et al.
    Research on humans and dogs reveals that the communities of microorganisms found on the skin, on the tongue and in the intestine are affected differently by age and cohabitation.

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