A cryo-electron microscopy study of the human CLC-1 chloride ion channel reveals the structural basis of why some CLC proteins function as passive chloride channels whereas others function as an active proton-chloride antiporters.
A multidisciplinary platform featured by patient-derived RPEs is established to study the disease-causing mechanisms of BEST1 mutations, and demonstrates gene-supplemented rescue of the mutation-caused deficiency in Ca2+-dependent Cl- current in human RPE.
Clarinet, a novel C. elegans active zone protein with homology to vertebrate Piccolo and Rim, uses its different isoforms for diverse functions, including synaptic vesicle clustering, vesicle release and synaptogenesis.
The maize CLAVATA receptor, FEA2, functions in the perception of two different ligands, and remarkably that signaling from these different inputs is differentiated by the receptor interacting with two different downstream components.
Measuring the equilibrium dimerization of a polytopic membrane protein in lipid bilayers forms the basis of a new system for studying the physical forces that stabilize membrane protein association in membranes.