3,843 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Divergent acyl carrier protein decouples mitochondrial Fe-S cluster biogenesis from fatty acid synthesis in malaria parasites

    Seyi Falekun et al.
    Malaria parasites have simplified and adapted their mitochondrial metabolism to lack fatty acid synthesis but retain an unusual acyl carrier protein required for stability of the core iron-sulfur cluster biogenesis complex.
    1. Plant Biology

    A novel bivalent chromatin associates with rapid induction of camalexin biosynthesis genes in response to a pathogen signal in Arabidopsis

    Kangmei Zhao et al.
    A previously uncharacterized type of bivalent chromatin plays an important role controlling the timely induction of genes involved in making a potent defense metabolite upon a pathogen signal in Arabidopsis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Myopalladin knockout mice develop cardiac dilation and show a maladaptive response to mechanical pressure overload

    Maria Carmela Filomena et al.
    Ablation of the sarcomeric protein myopalladin (MYPN), associated with human cardiomyopathies, results in dilated cardiomyopathy, which is severely aggravated by biomechanical stress, suggesting that skeletal myopathy patients carrying MYPN loss-of-function mutations may develop cardiomyopathy under conditions of cardiac stress.
    1. Medicine
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An open label randomized controlled trial of tamoxifen combined with amphotericin B and fluconazole for cryptococcal meningitis

    Nguyen Thi Thuy Ngan et al.
    Despite evidence of significant anti-cryptococcal activity in vitro and animal models, including synergy with other antifungal agents, high-dose tamoxifen has no impact on cerebrospinal fluid sterilization in cryptococcal meningitis.
    1. Medicine

    Infrared molecular fingerprinting of blood-based liquid biopsies for the detection of cancer

    Marinus Huber et al.
    The combination of molecular infrared fingerprinting and machine learning enables the detection of breast, bladder, prostate, and lung cancer based on liquid blood serum and plasma, providing a general framework for the minimally invasive investigation of oncological conditions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Septal cholinergic input to CA2 hippocampal region controls social novelty discrimination via nicotinic receptor-mediated disinhibition

    Domenico Pimpinella et al.
    Acetylcholine, released from cholinergic fibers originating from the medial septum, shapes social memory, and controls the CA2 hippocampal circuit via nicotinic receptors localized on GABAergic interneurons.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Pathogen clonal expansion underlies multiorgan dissemination and organ-specific outcomes during murine systemic infection

    Karthik Hullahalli, Matthew K Waldor
    During Escherichia coli systemic infection, the replication of a minuscule fraction of the inoculum drives organ-specific clearance failures, systemic dissemination, and stochastic infection outcomes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Learning differentially shapes prefrontal and hippocampal activity during classical conditioning

    Jan L Klee et al.
    CA1 and PFC bridge the temporal gap between cue and reward delivery during trace conditioning according to different underlying coding principles and task-related activity is reactivated during awake Sharp-Wave Ripples.
    1. Cell Biology

    Impaired mRNA splicing and proteostasis in preadipocytes in obesity-related metabolic disease

    Julia Sánchez-Ceinos et al.
    Alternative splicing and the endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-associated protein degradation (ERAD) system represent essential, fat depot-specific components of the adipogenesis that are altered in preadipocytes from obese individuals with metabolic disease.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Effect of SARS-CoV-2 proteins on vascular permeability

    Rossana Rauti et al.
    A specific SARS-CoV-2 proteins that affect the vascular permeability and impairs the functionality of other significant organs has been identified.

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