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    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Alternative splicing of coq-2 controls the levels of rhodoquinone in animals

    June H Tan et al.
    The switch from ubiquinone to rhodoquinone synthesis that is required for parasitic helminths to survive in anaerobic host tissues is due to alternative splicing of polyprenyltransferase COQ-2.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Gap junctions deliver malonyl-CoA from soma to germline to support embryogenesis in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Todd A Starich et al.
    Malonyl-CoA, the rate-limiting substrate for fatty acid synthesis, is produced in the soma and delivered through gap junctions to the germline to promote reproduction and coordinate it with nutritional status.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Co-regulation and function of FOXM1/RHNO1 bidirectional genes in cancer

    Carter J Barger et al.
    FOXM1 is co-expressed with its bidirectional gene partner RHNO1, and the two genes promote DNA repair, cell growth and survival, and chemotherapy resistance in ovarian cancer.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Insight into the evolution of microbial metabolism from the deep-branching bacterium, Thermovibrio ammonificans

    Donato Giovannelli et al.
    The genome of Thermovibrio ammonificans encodes ancestral pathways (e.g., hydrogen oxidation) and more recently acquired ones (e.g., nitrate reduction) and a hybrid pathway for CO2 fixation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Developmental Biology

    Maternally inherited piRNAs direct transient heterochromatin formation at active transposons during early Drosophila embryogenesis

    Martin H Fabry et al.
    Maternally deposited Piwi-piRNA complexes co-transcriptionally repress transposable elements that transiently become active in somatic cells of the developing Drosophila embryo.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Atomic structure of a mitochondrial complex I intermediate from vascular plants

    Maria Maldonado et al.
    The first atomic resolution structure of a mitochondrial respiratory complex from plants provides insight into the assembly and evolution of respiration in autotrophic eukaryotes.
    1. Neuroscience

    The retrotrapezoid nucleus neurons expressing Atoh1 and Phox2b are essential for the respiratory response to CO2

    Pierre-Louis Ruffault et al.
    The location of neurons responsible for increasing the breathing rate upon detecting elevated levels of CO2 in the blood has been pinpointed to the retrotrapezoid nucleus in the brainstem.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Metabolic co-dependence drives the evolutionarily ancient Hydra–Chlorella symbiosis

    Mayuko Hamada et al.
    The symbiotic relationship between Hydra and Chlorella is driven by metabolic co-dependence and characterized by changes in the photobiont genome in terms of lack of genes essential in free-living algae.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Enhanced ER-associated degradation of HMG CoA reductase causes embryonic lethality associated with Ubiad1 deficiency

    Youngah Jo et al.
    Embryonic lethality associated with deficiency of UBIAD1, which synthesizes a vitamin K2 subtype, results from aberrant ER-associated degradation of the cholesterol biosynthetic enzyme HMG CoA reductase.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A CTP-dependent gating mechanism enables ParB spreading on DNA

    Adam SB Jalal et al.
    A structural and biochemical approach shows that CTP binding and hydrolysis regulate nucleation, spreading, and recycling of a chromosome segregation protein ParB.