508 results found
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Mendelian randomization analysis provides causality of smoking on the expression of ACE2, a putative SARS-CoV-2 receptor

    Hui Liu et al.
    Smoking, measured by both initiation and intensity, are significantly associated with an elevated expression level of ACE2 in multiple human tissues/organs, subsequently increasing the susceptibility and severity of COVID-19.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Estimating SARS-CoV-2 seroprevalence and epidemiological parameters with uncertainty from serological surveys

    Daniel B Larremore et al.
    Integrating over multiple forms of statistical uncertainty associated with serological surveys can improve serosurvey design while also enabling that uncertainty to be appropriately propagated through epidemiological models.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Medicine

    Association of Toll-like receptor 7 variants with life-threatening COVID-19 disease in males: findings from a nested case-control study

    Chiara Fallerini et al.
    In the context of susceptibility to severe COVID-19, the observations of a study provide the basis for a personalized interferon-based therapy in patients with rare TLR7 variants.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    Metabolic biomarker profiling for identification of susceptibility to severe pneumonia and COVID-19 in the general population

    Heli Julkunen et al.
    Metabolic biomarkers measured from single blood test can identify apparently healthy people at high susceptibility for developing severe pneumonia, and may also be useful for preventive COVID-19 screening.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    Quantifying the impact of quarantine duration on COVID-19 transmission

    Peter Ashcroft et al.
    Test-and-release quarantine strategies for traced contacts of confirmed SARS-CoV-2 cases and returning travellers can reduce average quarantine durations while remaining as effective as 10 days of quarantine without testing.
    1. Medicine
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Augmented curation of clinical notes from a massive EHR system reveals symptoms of impending COVID-19 diagnosis

    Tyler Wagner et al.
    Applying deep learning technology for the large-scale curation of symptoms from unstructured EHR clinical notes accurately predicts the differential signals of COVID-19 diagnosis over the week preceding typical PCR testing.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genomic epidemiology of COVID-19 in care homes in the east of England

    William L Hamilton et al.
    SARS-CoV-2 can spread efficiently within care homes causing outbreaks among residents, who are at increased risk of severe disease, emphasising the importance of stringent infection control in this population.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Dynamic interactions between the RNA chaperone Hfq, small regulatory RNAs, and mRNAs in live bacterial cells

    Seongjin Park et al.
    RNA chaperone Hfq dynamically binds various pools of cellular RNAs to execute different regulatory functions.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Meta-Research: COVID-19 research risks ignoring important host genes due to pre-established research patterns

    Thomas Stoeger, Luís A Nunes Amaral
    An analysis of 10,395 research publications about COVID-19 that mention at least one human gene reveals that many genes implicated in SARS-CoV-2 infection by genome-wide studies remain unstudied.
  1. Research Culture: A survey of early-career researchers in Australia

    Katherine Christian et al.
    Job insecurity is putting stress on early-career researchers in Australia, compromising their career development and potentially reducing the quality of research.

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