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    1. Neuroscience

    Enhancement of fear memory by retrieval through reconsolidation

    Hotaka Fukushima et al.
    Retrieval enhances fear memory through reconsolidation by activating calcineurin-induced protein degradation and CREB-mediated gene expression in amygdala, hippocampus, and mPFC.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Isoform-specific subcellular localization and function of protein kinase A identified by mosaic imaging of mouse brain

    Ronit Ilouz et al.
    High-resolution, large-scale immunohistochemical mouse brain images showing global views of different brain regions, as well as cellular and subcellular details, identified distinct localization of PKA RIβ and RIIβ regulatory subunits that reveal functional differences.
    1. Neuroscience

    Loss of presenilin function is associated with a selective gain of APP function

    Carole Deyts et al.
    Amyloid precursor protein expression and accumulation of its intracellular fragment are required for exuberant neurite outgrowth associated with pathological presenilin 1 loss-of-function mutations before the emergence of amyloid burden in mice.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Inhibition of IRF4 in dendritic cells by PRR-independent and -dependent signals inhibit Th2 and promote Th17 responses

    Jihyung Lee et al.
    Reprogramming of transcription factors by PRR-independent (cAMP) and PRR-dependent (curdlan) signaling induces new dendritic cell subset.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Multiple sources of slow activity fluctuations in a bacterial chemosensory network

    Remy Colin et al.
    Single-cell FRET measurements reveal large temporal activity fluctuations within this signaling pathway in Escherichia coli, caused by stochasticity of receptor methylation combined with allosteric interactions and slow rearrangements within receptor clusters.
    1. Neuroscience

    A longitudinal study of Caenorhabditis elegans larvae reveals a novel locomotion switch, regulated by Gαs signaling

    Stanislav Nagy et al.
    C. elegans exhibits two distinct behavioural macro-states, active and quiet wakefulness, and protein kinase A regulates switching between these two states.
    1. Neuroscience

    Multiple neurons encode CrebB dependent appetitive long-term memory in the mushroom body circuit

    Yves F Widmer et al.
    The transcription factor CrebB mediates long-term memory formation in different neurons within the mushroom body learning circuit, including mushroom body intrinsic and output neurons but not dopaminergic input neurons.
    1. Developmental Biology

    An adhesion G protein-coupled receptor is required in cartilaginous and dense connective tissues to maintain spine alignment

    Zhaoyang Liu et al.
    The regulation of the biomechanical properties of tendons/ligaments is essential for the maintenance of spine alignment in the mouse.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A single mutation in Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus discovered in ticks impairs infectivity in human cells

    Brian L Hua et al.
    Tick-derived sequence variation in the fusion glycoprotein of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV) drastically impairs infection of mammalian cells, suggesting that certain CCHFV strains undergo purifying selection in mammalian hosts.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A crystal structure of a collaborative RNA regulatory complex reveals mechanisms to refine target specificity

    Chen Qiu et al.
    A Caenorhabitis elegans RNA-binding protein, FBF-2, modulates RNA sequence motif recognition through conformational change and partner protein interaction.