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    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    CpG and UpA dinucleotides in both coding and non-coding regions of echovirus 7 inhibit replication initiation post-entry

    Jelke Jan Fros et al.
    RNA virus replication is attenuated by an intrinsic restriction mechanism after introducing CpG/UpA dinucleotides into both non-translated and coding regions of viral genomes, which may be exploited in the design of attenuated virus vaccines.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of the Helicobacter pylori Cag type IV secretion system

    Jeong Min Chung et al.
    The Helicobacter pylori Cag T4SS has unique structural features, including unexpected symmetry mismatch between sub-complexes, with implications for protein secretion.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Cdc48-like protein of actinobacteria (Cpa) is a novel proteasome interactor in mycobacteria and related organisms

    Michal Ziemski et al.
    Cdc48-like protein of actinobacteria (Cpa) is a AAA+ proteasomal interactor involved in adaptation of mycobacteria to carbon limitation and potentially influencing ribosomal composition of the cell.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Histone deacetylase knockouts modify transcription, CAG instability and nuclear pathology in Huntington disease mice

    Marina Kovalenko et al.
    Genetic knockout of Hdac2 modifies molecular and cellular phenotypes in Huntington’s disease mice and has a prominent transcriptional regulatory role in adult medium spiny neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Output variability across animals and levels in a motor system

    Angela Wenning et al.
    Population output variability in a motor control system varies across levels (CPG, motor neurons, muscles) and can be ascribed to life history differences among animals and in some cases to differences between bilaterally homologous elements.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Epigenetic age-predictor for mice based on three CpG sites

    Yang Han et al.
    Site-specific DNA methylation analysis at three CG dinucleotides by pyrosequencing provides a reliable measure for epigenetic aging of mice.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Ctf4 organizes sister replisomes and Pol α into a replication factory

    Zuanning Yuan et al.
    Eukaryotic replisomes are strongly connected together to replicate both sister DNAs produced from a bidirectional origin.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Action of CMG with strand-specific DNA blocks supports an internal unwinding mode for the eukaryotic replicative helicase

    Lance Langston, Mike O’Donnell
    The CMG complex, the replicative helicase in eukaryotes, uses a different mechanism from bacterial and viral helicases by engaging both strands of parental DNA with substantial force and unwinding the duplex within the central channel of CMG.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Epigenetic conservation at gene regulatory elements revealed by non-methylated DNA profiling in seven vertebrates

    Hannah K Long et al.
    Islands of non-methylated DNA are shown to perform a similar epigenetic role in many different vertebrate species.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    DNA binding polarity, dimerization, and ATPase ring remodeling in the CMG helicase of the eukaryotic replisome

    Alessandro Costa et al.
    The Mcm2-7 motor unwinds DNA using an approach distinct from that of superfamily III helicases, and accesses multiple ring configurations and assembly states during the initiation of DNA replication.