1,310 results found
    1. Medicine
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Allosteric communication in class A β-lactamases occurs via cooperative coupling of loop dynamics

    Ioannis Galdadas et al.
    A combination of equilibrium and nonequilibrium molecular dynamics simulations is an effective tool to study allosteric communications in ultrafast enzymes that show little or no conformational changes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Egr2 induction in spiny projection neurons of the ventrolateral striatum contributes to cocaine place preference in mice

    Diptendu Mukherjee et al.
    The ventrolateral striatum is found to be recruited during the encoding of cocaine preference, within which Egr2-expressing ensembles are functionally important, as is the expression of Egr2 within them.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Characterization and functional analysis of cathelicidin-MH, a novel frog-derived peptide with anti-septicemic properties

    Jinwei Chai et al.
    The novel cathelicidin cathelicidin-MH was identified from the skin of M. heymonsivogt frog, which protects against lipopolysaccharide- and cecal ligation and puncture-induced sepsis, effectively ameliorates multi-organ pathology, especially in lung.
    1. Neuroscience

    Male pheromones modulate synaptic transmission at the C. elegans neuromuscular junction in a sexually dimorphic manner

    Kang-Ying Qian et al.
    Male pheromone environment increases the cholinergic synaptic transmission at the neuromuscular junction in Caenorhabditis elegans hermaphrodites during development, decreasing hermaphrodites' locomotion activity and promoting mating efficiency.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Mapping the functional landscape of the receptor binding domain of T7 bacteriophage by deep mutational scanning

    Phil Huss et al.
    An unbiased mutational screen decodes the molecular basis of phage receptor interactions, identifies key functional regions determining activity and host range, and demonstrates the potential for engineering therapeutic phages.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Converting endogenous genes of the malaria mosquito into simple non-autonomous gene drives for population replacement

    Astrid Hoermann et al.
    Minimal genetic modifications of endogenous mosquito genes allow the tissue-specific expression of anti-malarial effectors and convert them into efficient non-autonomous gene drives.
    1. Cell Biology

    A genetic screen identifies new steps in oocyte maturation that enhance proteostasis in the immortal germ lineage

    Madhuja Samaddar et al.
    A whole-genome genetic screen links new aspects of oocyte maturation to proteostasis renewal in the immortal Caenorhabditis elegans germ-cell lineage and reveals similarities to somatic cell maintenance during aging.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Complementary biosensors reveal different G-protein signaling modes triggered by GPCRs and non-receptor activators

    Mikel Garcia-Marcos
    Heterotrimeric G-proteins can be switched on not only by G-protein-coupled receptors but also by cytoplasmic proteins, resulting in different signaling mechanisms in cells depending on the specific type of activator.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    The recycling endosome protein Rab25 coordinates collective cell movements in the zebrafish surface epithelium

    Patrick Morley Willoughby et al.
    Rab25a and Rab25b mutant embryos exhibit epithelial spreading delays during morphogenesis and are characterized by cytokinesis defects leading to cell fusions, heterogeneous epithelial cell sizes, and reduced cortical actomyosin contractility.

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