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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The Cas4-Cas1-Cas2 complex mediates precise prespacer processing during CRISPR adaptation

    Hayun Lee et al.
    During CRISPR adaptation, Cas4 forms a ternary complex with the Cas1-Cas2 spacer integration complex, an interaction that coordinates substrate hand-off following precise, PAM-dependent prespacer processing prior to integration.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Selection of chromosomal DNA libraries using a multiplex CRISPR system

    Owen W Ryan et al.
    An optimized CRISPR-Cas9 system enables multiplexed genome engineering for evolving biomolecules and pathways from chromosomally integrated DNA libraries.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A type III-A CRISPR-Cas system employs degradosome nucleases to ensure robust immunity

    Lucy Chou-Zheng, Asma Hatoum-Aslan
    Degradosome-associated nucleases PNPase and RNase J2 are required for type III CRISPR immunity against diverse nucleic acid invaders originating from plasmid and phage.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Compact and highly active next-generation libraries for CRISPR-mediated gene repression and activation

    Max A Horlbeck et al.
    Integrated modeling of sgRNA positioning, chromatin accessibility, and sequence features enables accurate prediction of effective target sites for CRISPR-mediated transcriptional modulation and design of highly active libraries for genome-scale genetic screens.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    CRISPRi is not strand-specific at all loci and redefines the transcriptional landscape

    Françoise S Howe et al.
    CRISPR interference (CRISPRi), which uses small guide RNAs to target catalytically dead Cas9 protein to chromatin, disrupts existing transcription units and generates new sites for initiation and termination of transcription on both strands of DNA.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Type III CRISPR-Cas systems can provide redundancy to counteract viral escape from type I systems

    Sukrit Silas et al.
    Cooperation between evolutionarily disparate CRISPR-Cas modules allows bacteria to counter mutational escape by viruses.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Current CRISPR gene drive systems are likely to be highly invasive in wild populations

    Charleston Noble et al.
    If released in the wild, current CRISPR-based gene drive systems designed to alter populations could spread much farther than intended, despite the evolution of drive resistance.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Circular synthesized CRISPR/Cas gRNAs for functional interrogations in the coding and noncoding genome

    Martin Wegner et al.
    Cloning-free 3Cs technology is developed for the generation of sequence-bias-free covalently closed circular synthesized (3Cs) CRISPR/Cas gRNA libraries that can interrogate the coding and noncoding human genome.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Multiplexed genetic engineering of human hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells using CRISPR/Cas9 and AAV6

    Rasmus O Bak et al.
    The CRISPR/Cas9 system can be used with recombinant AAV6 donor delivery to facilitate simultaneous, targeted integration into multiple genetic loci in hematopoietic stem and progrenitor cells.