531 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    The carcinine transporter CarT is required in Drosophila photoreceptor neurons to sustain histamine recycling

    Drew Stenesen et al.
    Fly vision depends on a member of the SLC22 transporter family for recycling the histamine neurotransmitter following its uptake by glia and its modification into the transport metabolite carcinine.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Tropical Diseases: Can CRISPR help in the fight against parasitic worms?

    Paul McVeigh, Aaron G Maule
    The first reports of CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing in flatworms could usher in a new era of research on these dangerous human parasites.
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  1. Point of View: Five suggestions for substantial NIH reforms

    Michael Rosbash
    The National Institutes of Health needs to make radical changes to ensure that biomedical research continues to thrive in the United States.
    1. Ecology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Emerging Technology: Concerning RNA-guided gene drives for the alteration of wild populations

    Kevin M Esvelt et al.
    Combining CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing with gene drives may enable scientists to reversibly edit the genomes of diverse wild populations, an advance that could help eliminate diseases, support sustainable agriculture, and control invasive species.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Differential requirements for cyclase-associated protein (CAP) in actin-dependent processes of Toxoplasma gondii

    Alex Hunt et al.
    Partially overlapping functions of a limited subset of actin binding proteins allow the parasite Toxoplasma gondii to achieve actin regulation required for complex cellular processes.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Actomyosin regulation by Eph receptor signaling couples boundary cell formation to border sharpness

    Jordi Cayuso et al.
    Boundary cell identity and sharpening of borders are coupled in hindbrain development since both are regulated by mechanical tension.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Neuronal TORC1 modulates longevity via AMPK and cell nonautonomous regulation of mitochondrial dynamics in C. elegans

    Yue Zhang et al.
    Modulating the nutrient sensor TORC1 only in neurons in C. elegans is sufficient to regulate systemic longevity via inter-tissue signals that remodel mitochondria networks in non neuronal cells.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A de novo evolved gene in the house mouse regulates female pregnancy cycles

    Chen Xie et al.
    A female specifically expressed new protein-coding gene that has emerged out of non-coding sequences without detectable signatures of adaptive evolution affects female pregnancy cycles.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Plant Biology

    The MADS-box transcription factor PHERES1 controls imprinting in the endosperm by binding to domesticated transposons

    Rita A Batista et al.
    Jumping of transposable elements provides DNA-binding sites for the MADS-box transcription factor PHERES1, allowing the regulation of imprinted genes and other key endosperm development genes.

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