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2,714 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    ILC3 GM-CSF production and mobilisation orchestrate acute intestinal inflammation

    Claire Pearson et al.
    Innate lymphoid cells, which are dynamic under steady-state conditions, respond to a colitogenic stimulus by mobilizing from cryptopatches and secreting GM-CSF to organize the pro-inflammatory response.
    1. Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Changes in global and thalamic brain connectivity in LSD-induced altered states of consciousness are attributable to the 5-HT2A receptor

    Katrin H Preller et al.
    LSD induces a pattern of changed global brain connectivity characterized by hypo-connectivity in associative areas and hyper-connectivity across sensory and somatomotor areas that is dependent on the serotonin 2A receptor.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Tumor-derived CSF-1 induces the NKG2D ligand RAE-1δ on tumor-infiltrating macrophages

    Thornton W Thompson et al.
    Macrophages respond to elevated levels of CSF-1 in tumor micro-environments by expressing a ligand for the NKG2D immunoreceptor.
    1. Developmental Biology

    CED-3 caspase acts with miRNAs to regulate non-apoptotic gene expression dynamics for robust development in C. elegans

    Benjamin P Weaver et al.
    A broadly used gene expression regulatory mechanism inactivates targets by CED-3-caspase-mediated proteolysis and works in parallel to miRNAs for diverse non-apoptotic developmental functions.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Structural and kinetic analysis of the COP9-Signalosome activation and the cullin-RING ubiquitin ligase deneddylation cycle

    Ruzbeh Mosadeghi et al.
    The general principles that underlie the mechanism of action of the COP9-Signalosome, a key regulator of the largest family of ubiquitin ligase enzymes in human cells, have been identified using structural and kinetic techniques.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Genetic epidemiology of dengue viruses in phase III trials of the CYD tetravalent dengue vaccine and implications for efficacy

    Maia A Rabaa et al.
    In large vaccine trials conducted in dengue-endemic Asia and Latin America, the CYD-TDV tetravalent dengue vaccine shows limited variation in intra-serotype efficacy in the target population for vaccination (>9 years).
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    RNA-dependent chromatin association of transcription elongation factors and Pol II CTD kinases

    Sofia Battaglia et al.
    In vivo and in vitro elongation factor-RNA interaction data provide a missing link in understanding how processive elongation complexes are formed on active genes and disassembled at the end of genes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Non-invasive imaging of CSF-mediated brain clearance pathways via assessment of perivascular fluid movement with diffusion tensor MRI

    Ian F Harrison et al.
    The first non-invasive technique to assess the action of brain clearance mechanisms, driven by the perivascular inflow of cerebrospinal fluid, has been developed using magnetic resonance imaging.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Phylogenomic analysis supports the ancestral presence of LPS-outer membranes in the Firmicutes

    Luisa CS Antunes et al.
    Phylogenomics provides support for the Gram-positive type of bacterial cell envelope being a derived character that arose independently multiple times through loss of an ancestral outer membrane.
    1. Neuroscience

    Early alterations of social brain networks in young children with autism

    Holger Franz Sperdin et al.
    Toddlers with autism spectrum disorders have alterations in gaze patterns together with frequency specific network atypicalities between key brain areas of the social brain when freely exploring naturalistic and ecologically valid dynamic social stimuli.

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