9,283 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    The CNS connectome of a tadpole larva of Ciona intestinalis (L.) highlights sidedness in the brain of a chordate sibling

    Kerrianne Ryan et al.
    Serial-section EM analysis uncovers the CNS connectome of a Ciona larva, the second of any entire nervous system, and exposes left-right asymmetries in its synaptic circuits.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Anterior CNS expansion driven by brain transcription factors

    Jesús Rodriguez Curt et al.
    The expansion of the anterior Drosophila CNS is driven by increased progenitor generation and prolonged proliferation, mediated by brain-restricted genes and the PRC2.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Tumor-derived CSF-1 induces the NKG2D ligand RAE-1δ on tumor-infiltrating macrophages

    Thornton W Thompson et al.
    Macrophages respond to elevated levels of CSF-1 in tumor micro-environments by expressing a ligand for the NKG2D immunoreceptor.
    1. Neuroscience

    Intrinsic monitoring of learning success facilitates memory encoding via the activation of the SN/VTA-Hippocampal loop

    Pablo Ripollés et al.
    Self-motivated learning in the absence of external feedback can recruit the same brain network as reward-driven learning.
    1. Neuroscience

    LRP1 regulates peroxisome biogenesis and cholesterol homeostasis in oligodendrocytes and is required for proper CNS myelin development and repair

    Jing-Ping Lin et al.
    In oligodendrocyte progenitor cells, lipid metabolism and peroxisome biogenesis are regulated by the low-density lipoprotein related-receptor-1, and if disrupted, impair proper white matter development and adult repair.
    1. Neuroscience

    Injury-induced perivascular niche supports alternative differentiation of adult rodent CNS progenitor cells

    Justyna Ulanska-Poutanen et al.
    Distinctive microenvironments within demyelinated white matter determine fate decisions of adult oligodendrocyte progenitor cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Selective rab11 transport and the intrinsic regenerative ability of CNS axons

    Hiroaki Koseki et al.
    Mature axons lose the ability to regenerate because key growth molecules are excluded through changes in vesicle transport, and restoring transport can restore regeneration.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    mRNA stem-loops can pause the ribosome by hindering A-site tRNA binding

    Chen Bao et al.
    By sterically hindering tRNA binding and inhibiting translation elongation, mRNA stem-loops can modulate gene expression.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Wnt proteins can direct planar cell polarity in vertebrate ectoderm

    Chih-Wen Chu, Sergei Y Sokol
    Vertebrate early ectoderm displays planar polarity manifested by a fluorescent sensor and this polarity can be instructed by Wnt ligands.
    1. Ecology

    Harbouring public good mutants within a pathogen population can increase both fitness and virulence

    Richard J Lindsay et al.
    Cooperation theory and a novel synthetic infection system provides a mechanistic understanding of why a seemingly successful disease management strategy can have devastating consequences for infected hosts.

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