11,873 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Targeting of the Fun30 nucleosome remodeller by the Dpb11 scaffold facilitates cell cycle-regulated DNA end resection

    Susanne CS Bantele et al.
    Chromatin remodelling is a key bottleneck to DNA end resection, the first and committed step of homologous recombination.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    ILC3 GM-CSF production and mobilisation orchestrate acute intestinal inflammation

    Claire Pearson et al.
    Innate lymphoid cells, which are dynamic under steady-state conditions, respond to a colitogenic stimulus by mobilizing from cryptopatches and secreting GM-CSF to organize the pro-inflammatory response.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Shearing in flow environment promotes evolution of social behavior in microbial populations

    Gurdip Uppal, Dervis Can Vural
    Shearing in fluid flow induces or enhances budding dispersal in microbial populations, resulting in stronger cooperative behavior.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Phylogenomic analysis supports the ancestral presence of LPS-outer membranes in the Firmicutes

    Luisa CS Antunes et al.
    Phylogenomics provides support for the Gram-positive type of bacterial cell envelope being a derived character that arose independently multiple times through loss of an ancestral outer membrane.
    1. Neuroscience

    Intrinsic monitoring of learning success facilitates memory encoding via the activation of the SN/VTA-Hippocampal loop

    Pablo Ripollés et al.
    Self-motivated learning in the absence of external feedback can recruit the same brain network as reward-driven learning.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Environmental heterogeneity can tip the population genetics of range expansions

    Matti Gralka, Oskar Hallatschek
    Environmental heterogeneity can dramatically reduce the efficacy of selection and alter the neutral evolutionary dynamics in microbial range expansions.
    1. Neuroscience

    The CNS connectome of a tadpole larva of Ciona intestinalis (L.) highlights sidedness in the brain of a chordate sibling

    Kerrianne Ryan et al.
    Serial-section EM analysis uncovers the CNS connectome of a Ciona larva, the second of any entire nervous system, and exposes left-right asymmetries in its synaptic circuits.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Enhancing mitochondrial activity in neurons protects against neurodegeneration in a mouse model of multiple sclerosis

    Sina C Rosenkranz et al.
    Inducing neuronal mitochondrial activity during central nervous system inflammation counteracts inflammation-induced neuronal electron transport chain deficiency and calcium toxicity, thereby protecting against neuronal loss in a multiple sclerosis mouse model.
    1. Neuroscience

    An oscillating computational model can track pseudo-rhythmic speech by using linguistic predictions

    Sanne ten Oever, Andrea E Martin
    An oscillating computational model combined with a predictive internal linguistic model can track naturally timed speech in which pseudo-rhythmicity is related to the predictability of words within their sentence context.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Mouse embryonic stem cells can differentiate via multiple paths to the same state

    James Alexander Briggs et al.
    Single cell RNA sequencing reveals that mouse embryonic stem cells can be differentiated into the same terminal motor neuron state via distinct differentiation paths, one of which includes a surprising intermediate state not found in embryos.

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