238 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Functional role of the type 1 pilus rod structure in mediating host-pathogen interactions

    Caitlin N Spaulding et al.
    The helical rod structure and dynamic spring-like properties of the type 1 pilus are evolutionarily fine-tuned for functioning in host-pathogen interactions during urinary tract infection and gut colonization.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Extracellular matrix-inducing Sox9 promotes both basal progenitor proliferation and gliogenesis in developing neocortex

    Ayse Güven et al.
    Transcription factor Sox9 has an important role in neocortex expansion, where its expression in basal progenitors increases proliferation, induces premature gliogenesis and promotes the expression of extracellular matrix components.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Compartmentalized oskar degradation in the germ plasm safeguards germline development

    Catherine E Eichler et al.
    RNP granules confer temporal and spatial regulation of oskar mRNA degradation to minimize inheritance of oskar mRNAby germ cells and thereby protect germline development.
    1. Neuroscience

    A causal role for the precuneus in network-wide theta and gamma oscillatory activity during complex memory retrieval

    Melissa Hebscher et al.
    Inhibitory noninvasive stimulation to the precuneus disrupts theta and gamma oscillatory coupling between medial temporal lobes and neocortical regions during complex personal memory retrieval.
    1. Neuroscience

    Integrative and distinctive coding of visual and conceptual object features in the ventral visual stream

    Chris B Martin et al.
    Perirhinal cortex, a brain structure located in the medial temporal lobe, uniquely supports the integration of visual and conceptual object information.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Expansion of the fatty acyl reductase gene family shaped pheromone communication in Hymenoptera

    Michal Tupec et al.
    A fatty acyl reductase gene family expansion in the Hymenoptera crown group led to recruitment of novel pheromone-biosynthetic enzymes and is linked to evolution of pheromone marking behavior.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Ovaries absent links dLsd1 to HP1a for local H3K4 demethylation required for heterochromatic gene silencing

    Fu Yang et al.
    A Drosophila fertility gene is identified that acts as a linker between HP1a and local H3K4 demethylation during HP1a-mediated gene silencing that is required for ovary development and transposon silencing..
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    An ancient germ cell-specific RNA-binding protein protects the germline from cryptic splice site poisoning

    Ingrid Ehrmann et al.
    Cell division by meiosis during sperm production depends on expression of an RNA-binding protein that prevents abnormal RNA-processing pathways.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular basis of signaling specificity between GIRK channels and GPCRs

    Kouki K Touhara, Roderick MacKinnon
    A single kinetic step in the G protein activation cycle determines whether a G protein-coupled receptor activates G protein-gated K+ channels or not.

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