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    1. Neuroscience

    Rap2 and TNIK control Plexin-dependent tiled synaptic innervation in C. elegans

    Xi Chen et al.
    Plexin controls the spatial distribution of synapses by locally inhibiting Rap2 small GTPase activity along the axon, and a Rap2 effector, TNIK, which also plays a key role in inhibiting synapse number.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Super Spy variants implicate flexibility in chaperone action

    Shu Quan et al.
    Lab-evolved 'super Spy' chaperones show enhanced flexibility, which allows them to bind to and stabilize proteins more effectively than natural chaperones.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural mechanisms of economic commitment in the human medial prefrontal cortex

    Konstantinos Tsetsos et al.
    A striking dissociation exists in the medial prefrontal cortex, with different brain regions responding to value when commitments are deferred to the future and when prospects are judged to be undesirable.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Neuroscience

    Thioredoxin shapes the C. elegans sensory response to Pseudomonas produced nitric oxide

    Yingsong Hao et al.
    C. elegans utilizes bacterially produced nitric oxide as a sensory cue to elicit avoidance of pathogenic bacteria.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Firefly genomes illuminate parallel origins of bioluminescence in beetles

    Timothy R Fallon et al.
    The first genomic view of beetle luciferase evolution indicates evolutionary independence of luciferase between fireflies and click-beetles, and provide valuable datasets which will accelerate the discovery of new biotechnological tools.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A randomised double blind placebo controlled phase 2 trial of adjunctive aspirin for tuberculous meningitis in HIV-uninfected adults

    Nguyen TH Mai et al.
    Adjunctive aspirin may reduce new brain infarcts and deaths in the first 60 days of treatment for HIV-uninfected adults with tuberculous meningitis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Evolution of neuronal anatomy and circuitry in two highly divergent nematode species

    Ray L Hong et al.
    The substrate for evolutionary divergence does not lie in changes in neuronal cell number or targeting, but rather in sensory perception and synaptic partner choice within invariant, prepatterned neuronal processes.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Flower-like patterns in multi-species bacterial colonies

    Liyang Xiong et al.
    Mechanical interactions between bacterial species with different motility characteristics play an important role in spatial-temporal dynamics of multi-species bacterial colonies and can lead to formation of complex patterns.
    1. Cell Biology

    Centriolar remodeling underlies basal body maturation during ciliogenesis in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Inna V Nechipurenko et al.
    Building on previous work (Doroquez et al., 2014), it is shown that the centriole core of the basal body degenerates, but the outer wall remodels to template the ciliary axoneme in a subset of C. elegans ciliated sensory neurons.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Methylated cis-regulatory elements mediate KLF4-dependent gene transactivation and cell migration

    Jun Wan et al.
    A new paradigm of DNA methylation mediated gene activation and chromatin remodeling provides a general framework to dissect the biological functions of DNA methylation readers and effectors.