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    1. Neuroscience

    Analysis of protein phosphorylation in nerve terminal reveals extensive changes in active zone proteins upon exocytosis

    Mahdokht Kohansal-Nodehi et al.
    Global phosphoproteomic analysis in nerve terminal during exocytosis reveals 252 uniquely regulated phosphosites, highlighting complex regulation of active zone proteins at multiple sites and the role of specific kinases/phosphatases.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Mechanisms of ribosome stalling by SecM at multiple elongation steps

    Jun Zhang et al.
    Nascent regulatory peptides tune the translation rate through a continuous, dynamic reshaping of the functional center of the ribosome.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Integrating influenza antigenic dynamics with molecular evolution

    Trevor Bedford et al.
    Combined antigenic and genetic analysis shows that different strains of the human influenza virus display dramatically different rates of antigenic drift, and that these differences have a significant impact on the number of new infections in each flu season.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Morphologic diversity of cutaneous sensory afferents revealed by genetically directed sparse labeling

    Hao Wu et al.
    The first survey of the complete morphologies of nerve endings in the skin of mice has revealed enormous structural diversity.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    How lamina-associated polypeptide 1 (LAP1) activates Torsin

    Brian A Sosa et al.
    LAP1 adopts an AAA+ like fold that, while unable to bind nucleotide, can enhance ATPase activity in the neighboring TorsinA protomer in an unusual heterohexameric ring, via an arginine finger.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Wnt signaling-mediated redox regulation maintains the germ line stem cell differentiation niche

    Su Wang et al.
    Wnt signaling regulates cellular redox in the germline stem cell differentiation niche via a novel regulatory mechanism, thereby controlling germ line stem cell progeny differentiation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of a type IV pilus machinery in the open and closed state

    Vicki AM Gold et al.
    Electron cryo-tomography reveals a huge conformational change in the secretin domain of the type IV pilus machinery that occurs when the channel opens for pilus extrusion.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    A mex3 homolog is required for differentiation during planarian stem cell lineage development

    Shu Jun Zhu et al.
    The planarian mex3-1 gene is required for non-stem cell fates and suppresses a stem cell fate in differentiating cells.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Plant Biology

    Viral-inducible Argonaute18 confers broad-spectrum virus resistance in rice by sequestering a host microRNA

    Jianguo Wu et al.
    The cooperative antiviral activity of two distinct AGO proteins could be exploited to provide a new strategy for controlling viral diseases in rice.
    1. Neuroscience

    A causal role for the precuneus in network-wide theta and gamma oscillatory activity during complex memory retrieval

    Melissa Hebscher et al.
    Inhibitory noninvasive stimulation to the precuneus disrupts theta and gamma oscillatory coupling between medial temporal lobes and neocortical regions during complex personal memory retrieval.