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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Live-cell mapping of organelle-associated RNAs via proximity biotinylation combined with protein-RNA crosslinking

    Pornchai Kaewsapsak et al.
    Live-cell nanometer-resolution RNA labeling method enables transcriptome-wide mapping of endogenous RNAs in nuclear, cytosol, ER, and mitochondrial subcompartments.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Structural basis of host recognition and biofilm formation by Salmonella Saf pili

    Longhui Zeng et al.
    SafDAA-SafDAA structure and functional characterizations reveal a pili-mediated inter-cellular oligomerization mechanism for bacterial aggregation and biofilm formation in Salmonella enterica.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Importance of miRNA stability and alternative primary miRNA isoforms in gene regulation during Drosophila development

    Li Zhou et al.
    Selective degradation of mature miRNAs shapes temporal miRNA expression patterns and is important for proper regulation of target genes to support normal development of Drosophila embryos.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Unexpected similarities between C9ORF72 and sporadic forms of ALS/FTD suggest a common disease mechanism

    Erin G Conlon et al.
    Idiopathic patients along a complex motor neuron disease-dementia spectrum exhibit mRNA splicing changes that are due to multi-protein insolubility.
    1. Neuroscience

    Pro-death NMDA receptor signaling is promoted by the GluN2B C-terminus independently of Dapk1

    Jamie McQueen et al.
    Excitotoxicity driven by NMDA receptor hyper-activation does not involve DAPK1-dependent events in vitro or in vivo, and previously described DAPK1-NMDAR disrupting peptides act by blocking the NMDA receptor.
    1. Neuroscience

    Two-photon calcium imaging of the medial prefrontal cortex and hippocampus without cortical invasion

    Masashi Kondo et al.
    Establishment of two-photon imaging with a 1100-nm laser, which underfills the objective's back aperture, detects activity of multiple neurons in the prelimbic area and hippocampal CA1 region of the intact mouse brain.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Collagen induces activation of DDR1 through lateral dimer association and phosphorylation between dimers

    Victoria Juskaite et al.
    Ligand binding induces DDR1 kinase activity through recruitment of DDR1 receptors into signalling clusters in which phosphorylation occurs across different dimers.
    1. Ecology

    Digitizing mass spectrometry data to explore the chemical diversity and distribution of marine cyanobacteria and algae

    Tal Luzzatto-Knaan et al.
    Mass spectrometry has potential as a tool for ecological studies and bioprospecting of natural products from marine cyanobacteria and algae.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Domestic chickens activate a piRNA defense against avian leukosis virus

    Yu Huining Sun et al.
    To protect the germ line genome, chickens acquire new small RNA-based immune defense in response to recently endogenized retroviruses by turning a truncated provirus into a weapon.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The genome of the crustacean Parhyale hawaiensis, a model for animal development, regeneration, immunity and lignocellulose digestion

    Damian Kao et al.
    The first malacostracan genome sequence will establish the genetically tractable Parhyale hawaiensis as a model organism in this key animal group.