4,575 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    A locomotor neural circuit persists and functions similarly in larvae and adult Drosophila

    Kristen Lee, Chris Q Doe
    Descending interneurons maintain synaptic connectivity and behavioral function despite pruning during metamorphosis, showing that synaptic specificity is established twice at different life stages.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structures of the caspase-activated protein XKR9 involved in apoptotic lipid scrambling

    Monique S Straub et al.
    The cryo-EM structures of XKR9 define the architecture and caspase-mediated activation of a protein family that is involved in the exposure of phosphatidylserine during apoptosis leading to the engulfment of apoptotic cells by macrophages.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    CTP promotes efficient ParB-dependent DNA condensation by facilitating one-dimensional diffusion from parS

    Francisco de Asis Balaguer et al.
    Single-molecule methods reveal that cytidine triphosphate promotes DNA condensation specifically at bacterial centromeres by facilitating one-dimensional diffusion of ParB from parS sites.
    1. Neuroscience

    Non-canonical role for Lpar1-EGFP subplate neurons in early postnatal mouse somatosensory cortex

    Filippo Ghezzi et al.
    A combined developmental genetics, electrophysiology, and optical approach identify two distinct and dynamic components of the developing neuronal circuit that relay and interpret thalamic input in primary sensory neocortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct signatures of calcium activity in brain mural cells

    Chaim Glück et al.
    Increases of extracellular potassium silence capillary pericyte calcium signaling, suggesting a participation of capillary pericytes in the potassium-mediated neurovascular communication.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Miro1-dependent mitochondrial dynamics in parvalbumin interneurons

    Georgina Kontou et al.
    Cell imaging and electrophysiology in the mouse hippocampus reveal a crucial role for the spatiotemporal regulation of mitochondrial dynamics in PV+ interneurons on cell morphology, network activity, and behavior.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Introgression shapes fruit color convergence in invasive Galápagos tomato

    Matthew JS Gibson et al.
    A wild tomato species adopts local fruit color via introgression from an endemic relative, during its invasion onto the Galápagos Islands.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    The neuronal calcium sensor Synaptotagmin-1 and SNARE proteins cooperate to dilate fusion pores

    Zhenyong Wu et al.
    During neurotransmitter release, calcium-induced membrane insertion of the C2B domain of Synaptotagmin re-orients the bound SNARE complex which dilates the fusion pore in a mechanical lever action.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cortico-autonomic local arousals and heightened somatosensory arousability during NREMS of mice in neuropathic pain

    Romain Cardis et al.
    Neuropathic pain preserves mouse sleep in architecture and characteristic spectral bands but perturbs arousability in ways reminiscent of insomnia disorders, in which hyperarousal and hyperalertness to environmental stimuli are prevalent.
    1. Neuroscience

    GluA4 facilitates cerebellar expansion coding and enables associative memory formation

    Katarzyna Kita et al.
    GluA4-containing AMPA receptors are required for effective excitation of cerebellar granule cells and enable expansion coding and associative learning.

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