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    1. Neuroscience

    Inhibition gates supralinear Ca2+ signaling in Purkinje cell dendrites during practiced movements

    Michael A Gaffield et al.
    In behaving mice, inhibition from molecular layer interneurons attenuates excitation of Purkinje cells by parallel fibers and suppresses their ability to enhance climbing fiber-triggered dendritic Ca2+ responses.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Oxidative stress induces stem cell proliferation via TRPA1/RyR-mediated Ca2+ signaling in the Drosophila midgut

    Chiwei Xu et al.
    In response to tissue damage, reactive oxygen species can be sensed by cation channels TRPA1/RyR to cause increases of cytosolic Ca2+ in intestinal stem cells, activating Ras/MAPK activity and stimulating stem cell proliferation in Drosophila.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Yeast Nuak1 phosphorylates histone H3 threonine 11 in low glucose stress by the cooperation of AMPK and CK2 signaling

    Seunghee Oh et al.
    Yeast Nuak1 is an AMPK and CK2 dependent H3 T11 kinase.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ca2+ entry through NaV channels generates submillisecond axonal Ca2+ signaling

    Naomi AK Hanemaaijer et al.
    High-speed calcium imaging from the axon initial segment shows that sodium channels are in part permeable to calcium ions.
    1. Developmental Biology

    SMOC can act as both an antagonist and an expander of BMP signaling

    J Terrig Thomas et al.
    SMOC inhibits BMP signaling locally, but also expands the range of BMP signaling by competing for heparan sulfate binding sites.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    The Sec14-like phosphatidylinositol transfer proteins Sec14l3/SEC14L2 act as GTPase proteins to mediate Wnt/Ca2+ signaling

    Bo Gong et al.
    Sec14l3/SEC14L2 respond to upstream Wnt/Frizzled/Dvl stimulation to recruit and activate phospholipase Cδ4a (Plcδ4a) to further initiate calcium release.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Near-infrared photoactivatable control of Ca2+ signaling and optogenetic immunomodulation

    Lian He et al.
    A near-infrared light-stimulable optogenetic platform enables remote and wireless manipulation of calcium signaling and immune responses both in vitro and in vivo to achieve tailored function.
    1. Neuroscience

    Electrical and Ca2+ signaling in dendritic spines of substantia nigra dopaminergic neurons

    Travis A Hage et al.
    Dopaminergic cells uniquely receive input from a roughly equal mixture of synapses on dendritic spines and synapses formed directly on dendrites.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The insulin/IGF signaling cascade modulates SUMOylation to regulate aging and proteostasis in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Lorna Moll et al.
    By controlling the SUMOylation of the protein CAR-1, the aging-regulating pathways downstream of the Insulin/IGF signaling cascade and of the germ cells of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans are integrated.
    1. Plant Biology

    An evolutionarily young defense metabolite influences the root growth of plants via the ancient TOR signaling pathway

    Frederikke Gro Malinovsky et al.
    Young defense metabolites are often believed to be solely outputs but evidence suggests that they can regulate ancient signaling pathways.