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    1. Neuroscience

    Changing the responses of cortical neurons from sub- to suprathreshold using single spikes in vivo

    Verena Pawlak et al.
    Changing the order in which presynaptic and postsynaptic cells are repeatedly activated can change what a mammalian visual cortex neuron communicates to downstream neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Rapid stimulus-driven modulation of slow ocular position drifts

    Tatiana Malevich et al.
    Slow, continuous changes in eye position when gaze is fixed, previously believed to be random drifts, are shown to exhibit highly systematic and short-latency response characteristics to visual stimuli.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Conserved allosteric pathways for activation of TRPV3 revealed through engineering vanilloid-sensitivity

    Feng Zhang et al.
    TRPV channels share general mechanisms of activation while exhibiting subtype-specific features along the activation pathway that can determine their apparent sensitivity to stimuli.
    1. Neuroscience

    Demixed principal component analysis of neural population data

    Dmitry Kobak et al.
    A new data analysis tool provides a concise way of visualizing neural data that summarizes all the relevant features of the population response in a single figure.
    1. Neuroscience

    Scanned optogenetic control of mammalian somatosensory input to map input-specific behavioral outputs

    Ara Schorscher-Petcu et al.
    A system to generate ‘remote touch’ in freely behaving mice can be utilized to map behavior caused by precise somatosensory inputs.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dendritic osmosensors modulate activity-induced calcium influx in oxytocinergic magnocellular neurons of the mouse PVN

    Wanhui Sheng et al.
    Activity-induced dendritic calcium influx in oxytocinergic magnocellular neurons can be robustly modulated by a highly diverse set of stimuli acting on distinct types of ion channels expressed along the dendritic membrane.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural structure mapping in human probabilistic reward learning

    Fabrice Luyckx et al.
    During learning, human neural codes for experienced reward probability map onto the same mental number line for symbolic numbers.
    1. Neuroscience

    Encoding sensory and motor patterns as time-invariant trajectories in recurrent neural networks

    Vishwa Goudar, Dean V Buonomano
    A recurrent network model trained to transcribe temporally scaled spoken digits into handwritten digits proposes that the brain flexibly encodes time-varying stimuli as neural trajectories that can be traversed at different speeds.
    1. Neuroscience

    Emergence of visually-evoked reward expectation signals in dopamine neurons via the superior colliculus in V1 lesioned monkeys

    Norihiro Takakuwa et al.
    The subcortical visual pathway through the midbrain superior colliculus is responsible for visually evoked Pavlovian conditioning and dopamine neuron responses with predicted value in monkeys, which remained after lesioning V1.
    1. Neuroscience

    Pan-neuronal screening in Caenorhabditis elegans reveals asymmetric dynamics of AWC neurons is critical for thermal avoidance behavior

    Ippei Kotera et al.
    Functional screening of the entire neuronal network of C. elegans in response to specific stimuli can discover new neural behavior.