506 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis for SARM1 inhibition and activation under energetic stress

    Michael Sporny et al.
    Cryo-EM shows that the NADase activity of SARM1 is allosterically inhibited by physiological concentrations of NAD+ that stabilizes an auto-inhibited conformation of SARM1, explaining how NAD+ depletion may inflict neurodegeneration.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    High neural activity accelerates the decline of cognitive plasticity with age in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Qiaochu Li et al.
    Chronic excitation of the Caenorhabditis elegans oxygen-sensing neurons alters calcium homeostasis to accelerate the decline of neural plasticity with age.
    1. Neuroscience

    Robo functions as an attractive cue for glial migration through SYG-1/Neph

    Zhongwei Qu et al.
    An extracellular cleavage fragment of Robo released from neurons can bind to glia-expressed SYG-1 to guide glia migration.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Coordinated crosstalk between microtubules and actin by a spectraplakin regulates lumen formation and branching

    Delia Ricolo, Sofia J Araujo
    Lumen formation by single epithelial cells depends on FGF-signalling-dependent expression of a spectraplakin, which can be functionally replaced by Tau.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Molecular evidence of hybridization between pig and human Ascaris indicates an interbred species complex infecting humans

    Alice Easton et al.
    Comparative phylogenomic analyses based on a new reference-quality human Ascaris genome assembly reveals a pig/human interbred species complex with implications for Ascaris control worldwide.
    1. Neuroscience

    Feeding state functionally reconfigures a sensory circuit to drive thermosensory behavioral plasticity

    Asuka Takeishi et al.
    Starvation modulates thermotaxis behaviors in C. elegans via functional reconfiguration of a sensory network by gut-brain signaling.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Modular metabolite assembly in Caenorhabditis elegans depends on carboxylesterases and formation of lysosome-related organelles

    Henry H Le et al.
    Caenorhabditis elegans homologs of carboxylesterases that localize to intestinal organelles orchestrate the assembly of modular signaling molecules from building blocks that integrate diverse metabolic pathways.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Direct glia-to-neuron transdifferentiation gives rise to a pair of male-specific neurons that ensure nimble male mating

    Laura Molina-García et al.
    A novel developmental mechanism generates a previously undescribed pair of sex-specific proprioceptive neurons required for male-specific behaviour.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Walking Drosophila navigate complex plumes using stochastic decisions biased by the timing of odor encounters

    Mahmut Demir et al.
    Visualized odor encounters show that Drosophila navigate spatiotemporally complex odor plumes using random walks biased by the timing of brief and unpredictable odor encounters.

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