39 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    In vivo imaging of β-cell function reveals glucose-mediated heterogeneity of β-cell functional development

    Jia Zhao et al.
    In vivo imaging reveals that gradually increased amount of glucose mediates the heterogeneous functional development of individual β-cells by activating its major downstream calcineurin/NFAT signaling pathway.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Extensive alternative splicing transitions during postnatal skeletal muscle development are required for calcium handling functions

    Amy E Brinegar et al.
    Global transcriptome changes, particularly alternative splicing, are highly dynamic the first 2 weeks after birth, and the example of calcineurin A splicing exemplifies the importance of alternative splicing during skeletal muscle development.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Piezo1/2 mediate mechanotransduction essential for bone formation through concerted activation of NFAT-YAP1-ß-catenin

    Taifeng Zhou et al.
    Mechanosensitive channels Piezo1/2 are required for osteoblast differentiation from progenitors by sensing fluid sheer stress and matrix rigidity and regulating NFATc1, YAP1 and ß-catenin activities through Ca2+ stimulated phosphatase calcineurin.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Peripheral natural killer cells in chronic hepatitis B patients display multiple molecular features of T cell exhaustion

    Marie Marotel et al.
    Similar to T cell exhaustion, natural killer cell dysfunction in chronic hepatitis B patients results from deregulated calcium pathway.
    1. Cancer Biology

    NFATc2 enhances tumor-initiating phenotypes through the NFATc2/SOX2/ALDH axis in lung adenocarcinoma

    Zhi-Jie Xiao et al.
    NFATc2 maintains the drug-induced TIC phenotypes through trans-activating SOX2/ALDH1A1 expression and scavenging stress from ROS.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Calmodulin-controlled spatial decoding of oscillatory Ca2+ signals by calcineurin

    Sohum Mehta et al.
    The ability of calcium waves to exert different effects on calcineurin activity depending on subcellular location is mediated by the distribution of calmodulin.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    The biphasic and age-dependent impact of klotho on hallmarks of aging and skeletal muscle function

    Zachary Clemens et al.
    Transcriptomic analysis using a novel information-based network entropy approach provides mechanistic insights into the ability of Klotho to successfully ameliorate age-related sarcopenia in old mice, but not oldest-old mice.
    1. Neuroscience

    Rapid recycling of glutamate transporters on the astroglial surface

    Piotr Michaluk et al.
    Rapid membrane turnover is the main 'redeployment' route for the immobile fraction of surface-expressed astroglial glutamate transporters that confine excitatory transmission to the synaptic cleft.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Cell Biology

    Calcium-mediated shaping of naive CD4 T-cell phenotype and function

    Vincent Guichard et al.
    Calcium-calcineurin signaling cascade drives the acquisition of both the phenotype of the most self-reactive naive CD4 T cells and their enhanced cell-intrinsic ability to commit into induced regulatory T cells upon activation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Shear stimulation of FOXC1 and FOXC2 differentially regulates cytoskeletal activity during lymphatic valve maturation

    Pieter R Norden et al.
    Genetic and molecular analyses show that FOXC1 and FOXC2 play a role in controlling lymphatic valve maintenance as key mediators of mechanotransduction to control cytoskeletal organization and RhoA/ROCK signaling.

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