33 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    In vivo imaging of β-cell function reveals glucose-mediated heterogeneity of β-cell functional development

    Jia Zhao et al.
    In vivo imaging reveals that gradually increased amount of glucose mediates the heterogeneous functional development of individual β-cells by activating its major downstream calcineurin/NFAT signaling pathway.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Extensive alternative splicing transitions during postnatal skeletal muscle development are required for calcium handling functions

    Amy E Brinegar et al.
    Global transcriptome changes, particularly alternative splicing, are highly dynamic the first 2 weeks after birth, and the example of calcineurin A splicing exemplifies the importance of alternative splicing during skeletal muscle development.
    1. Developmental Biology

    MicroRNA-mediated control of developmental lymphangiogenesis

    Hyun Min Jung et al.
    Lymphatic-enriched microRNA miR-204 is required for lymphatic development through its effects on the key lymphatic transcription factor NFATC1.
    1. Cancer Biology

    NFATc2 enhances tumor-initiating phenotypes through the NFATc2/SOX2/ALDH axis in lung adenocarcinoma

    Zhi-Jie Xiao et al.
    NFATc2 maintains the drug-induced TIC phenotypes through trans-activating SOX2/ALDH1A1 expression and scavenging stress from ROS.
    1. Neuroscience

    Plasticity of calcium-permeable AMPA glutamate receptors in Pro-opiomelanocortin neurons

    Shigetomo Suyama et al.
    Neurons in the hypothalamus that promote satiety manifest plasticity of their response to the excitatory transmitter, glutamate, by re-organizing the composition of a specific glutamare receptor.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Shear stimulation of FOXC1 and FOXC2 differentially regulates cytoskeletal activity during lymphatic valve maturation

    Pieter R Norden et al.
    Genetic and molecular analyses show that FOXC1 and FOXC2 play a role in controlling lymphatic valve maintenance as key mediators of mechanotransduction to control cytoskeletal organization and RhoA/ROCK signaling.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The antibiotic bedaquiline activates host macrophage innate immune resistance to bacterial infection

    Alexandre Giraud-Gatineau et al.
    The anti-tuberculosis drug bedaquiline reprograms human macrophages into potent bactericidal phagocytes, which are able to control bacterial infection.
    1. Neuroscience

    Peptidoglycan-dependent NF-κB activation in a small subset of brain octopaminergic neurons controls female oviposition

    Ambra Masuzzo et al.
    The universal bacteria cell wall component peptidoglycan impacts the egg-laying behavior of infected Drosophila females by directly modulating the activity of few brain octopaminergic neurons.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Intrinsic disorder within AKAP79 fine-tunes anchored phosphatase activity toward substrates and drug sensitivity

    Patrick J Nygren et al.
    Flexibility is a defining feature of AKAP kinase-phosphatase assemblies and points toward a mechanism whereby combinatorial recruitment of binding partners tailors the overall conformation of the macromolecular assembly, allowing customized physiological roles.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Calmodulin-controlled spatial decoding of oscillatory Ca2+ signals by calcineurin

    Sohum Mehta et al.
    The ability of calcium waves to exert different effects on calcineurin activity depending on subcellular location is mediated by the distribution of calmodulin.

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