33 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Panton–Valentine leucocidin is the key determinant of Staphylococcus aureus pyomyositis in a bacterial GWAS

    Bernadette C Young et al.
    Genome-wide association studies have established staphylococcal pyomyositis as a disease whose pathogenesis depends critically on expression of a single toxin, Panton–Valentine leukocidin.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Transmission dynamics and control of multidrug-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae in neonates in a developing country

    Thomas Crellen et al.
    Colonisation with resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae in a Cambodian neonatal unit is driven by person-to-person transmission, transmissibility varies by sequence type, and antibiotic consumption generally increases the risk of acquisition.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Evidence of human infection by a new mammarenavirus endemic to Southeastern Asia

    Kim R Blasdell et al.
    New mammarenaviruses have been identified from rodents in Cambodia and Thailand, and the Cardamones variant of Wēnzhōu virus has been found in Cambodian patients presenting with fever and respiratory symptoms.
    1. Neuroscience

    Intraneural stimulation elicits discrimination of textural features by artificial fingertip in intact and amputee humans

    Calogero Maria Oddo et al.
    Delivering specific patterns of electrical activity to the median nerve of the arm triggers reliable sensations of texture, suggesting that it may ultimately be possible to restore complex tactile information to users of prosthetic limbs.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Modelling primaquine-induced haemolysis in G6PD deficiency

    James Watson et al.
    In silico modelling of all available data shows that a twenty-day ascending-dose primaquine regimen could be safe to administer to G6PD deficient patients for the radical cure of vivax malaria.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Local emergence in Amazonia of Plasmodium falciparum k13 C580Y mutants associated with in vitro artemisinin resistance

    Luana C Mathieu et al.
    The de novo selection of a mutation responsible for Plasmodium falciparum in vitro artemisinin resistance is confirmed in Guyana, making artemisinin combination therapies vulnerable to complete resistance in this region.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Plasmodium falciparum K13 mutations in Africa and Asia impact artemisinin resistance and parasite fitness

    Barbara H Stokes et al.
    Plasmodium falciparum K13 mutations confer resistance to the antimalarial artemisinin in Asian and African parasites, with most gene-edited mutant K13 African parasite lines showing a fitness cost that may predict slow dissemination of artemisinin resistance in high-transmission settings.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The role of interspecies recombination in the evolution of antibiotic-resistant pneumococci

    Joshua C D'Aeth et al.
    Selection by national-level antibiotic consumption and vaccination trends drives atypical recombinations, frequently resulting in interspecies sequence exchange at many sites across a bacterial species’ chromosome.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Model-based spatial-temporal mapping of opisthorchiasis in endemic countries of Southeast Asia

    Ting-Ting Zhao et al.
    High-resolution risk estimates of opisthorchiasis were produced in major endemic countries of Southeast Asia, providing valuable information for guiding disease control and serving as a baseline for future progress assessment.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Modeling the dynamics of Plasmodium falciparum gametocytes in humans during malaria infection

    Pengxing Cao et al.
    A mathematical model of blood-stage infection with Plasmodium falciparum malaria capturing the sexual stage of the parasite life-cycle is validated against human data, providing new insight into human-to-mosquito transmission.

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