509 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Ancient DNA reveals the lost domestication history of South American camelids in Northern Chile and across the Andes

    Paloma Diaz-Maroto et al.
    aDNA revealed a model of domestication where an ancient guanaco population no longer exists, the loss of the ancient vicuña genetic variation in the modern populations, and frequently interbreeding practices.
    1. Ecology

    Mammal communities are larger and more diverse in moderately developed areas

    Arielle Waldstein Parsons et al.
    Citizen science camera trapping showing suburban and wild areas maintain similar levels of mammalian diversity and relative abundance, challenging conventional thoughts about the impacts of urbanization on wildlife.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Rapid changes in tissue mechanics regulate cell behaviour in the developing embryonic brain

    Amelia J Thompson et al.
    During embryonic development, tissue stiffness, which provides an important signal to motile cells, changes locally within tens of minutes in a well-controlled manner.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    NAD+ enhances ribitol and ribose rescue of α-dystroglycan functional glycosylation in human FKRP-mutant myotubes

    Carolina Ortiz-Cordero et al.
    The combined use of NAD+ with ribitol or ribose potentiates the rescue of α-dystroglycan functional glycosylation in FKRP-mutant patient-specific iPSC-derived myotubes, representing potential novel treatments for FKRP muscular dystrophies.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Mechanotransduction current is essential for stability of the transducing stereocilia in mammalian auditory hair cells

    A Catalina Vélez-Ortega et al.
    The remarkable lifelong stability of mechanotransducing stereocilia of the inner ear hair cells depends on the activity of the transduction ion channels located at the tips of these mechanosensory projections.
    1. Plant Biology

    Point of View: Europe’s first and last field trial of gene-edited plants?

    Jean-Denis Faure, Johnathan A Napier
    The reclassification of gene editing as "GM" will impact on European plant sciences, making it more difficult to validate new traits in field trials and drive forward innovation.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mycobacterium tuberculosis SatS is a chaperone for the SecA2 protein export pathway

    Brittany K Miller et al.
    SatS of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a new protein export chaperone with a role in exporting proteins by the specialized SecA2 pathway and a role in intracellular growth in macrophages.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Genome-wide alterations of uracil distribution patterns in human DNA upon chemotherapeutic treatments

    Hajnalka L Pálinkás et al.
    Human genomic DNA contains uracil in the late replicating, constitutive heterochromatic regions, while treatment with drugs perturbing thymidylate biosynthesis shifts the uracil distribution pattern towards the euchromatin in UNG-inhibited cells.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Crucial role for T cell-intrinsic IL-18R-MyD88 signaling in cognate immune response to intracellular parasite infection

    Ana-Carolina Oliveira et al.
    Development of a robust Th1 response to infection against an intracellular parasite requires T-cell intrinsic MyD88 signaling, mostly through the upstream IL-18 receptor, for the induction of genes involved in proliferation, cytokine production and migration.
    1. Plant Biology

    Auxin efflux by PIN-FORMED proteins is activated by two different protein kinases, D6 PROTEIN KINASE and PINOID

    Melina Zourelidou et al.
    Two protein kinases are required to activate auxin efflux transporters from plants.

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