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    1. Neuroscience

    Presynaptic NMDARs cooperate with local spikes toward GABA release from the reciprocal olfactory bulb granule cell spine

    Vanessa Lage-Rupprecht et al.
    The essential role of presynaptic NMDA receptors for granule cell GABAergic output elucidates the function of reciprocal spines in recurrent and possibly lateral inhibition of mitral cells during olfactory processsing.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Recurrent loss of CenH3 is associated with independent transitions to holocentricity in insects

    Ines A Drinnenberg et al.
    CenH3, the defining component of centromeres in almost all eukaryotes, was independently lost in four insect lineages that transitioned from monocentricity to holocentricity.
  1. Event Report: Aging, Geroscience and Longevity Symposium

    Catch up on our online symposium in which eLife authors showcased their research from the upcoming Aging, Geroscience and Longevity Special Issue.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Asymmetric neurogenic commitment of retinal progenitors involves Notch through the endocytic pathway

    Elisa Nerli et al.
    A quantitative live imaging approach unveils that earliest neurogenic progenitors in the vertebrate retina arise from asymmetric divisions and that this asymmetry involves Notch signalling through the endocytic pathway.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Super-resolution microscopy reveals coupling between mammalian centriole subdistal appendages and distal appendages

    Weng Man Chong et al.
    Super-resolved architectural framework of subdistal appendages surprisingly reveals coupling between distal appendages and subdistal appendages.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    'Palaeoshellomics’ reveals the use of freshwater mother-of-pearl in prehistory

    Jorune Sakalauskaite et al.
    Ancient proteomes from tiny shell ornaments were successfully characterised for the first time, showing the unexpected use of mother-of-pearl from local riverine molluscs in both coastal and inland prehistoric sites.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Firefly genomes illuminate parallel origins of bioluminescence in beetles

    Timothy R Fallon et al.
    The first genomic view of beetle luciferase evolution indicates evolutionary independence of luciferase between fireflies and click-beetles, and provide valuable datasets which will accelerate the discovery of new biotechnological tools.
    1. Ecology

    Experimental and observational studies find contrasting responses of soil nutrients to climate change

    ZY Yuan et al.
    Experimental manipulations and environmental gradients, the two common-used approaches, are not at all comparable for predicting the impacts of climate change on nutrient cycling.
    1. Cell Biology

    Centriolar SAS-7 acts upstream of SPD-2 to regulate centriole assembly and pericentriolar material formation

    Kenji Sugioka et al.
    A genetic screen and live cell imaging show that a newly identified coiled-coil protein called SAS-7 is the earliest acting factor in centriole assembly yet identified in the roundworm Caenorhabditis elegans.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Polo-like kinase-dependent phosphorylation of the synaptonemal complex protein SYP-4 regulates double-strand break formation through a negative feedback loop.

    Saravanapriah Nadarajan et al.
    PLK-1/2-mediated SYP-4 phosphorylation is dependent on crossover precursor formation, triggering a switch in the dynamic state of the synaptonemal complex that reduces the formation of further double-strand breaks at late meiotic prophase.