85 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The evolution of drug resistance in clinical isolates of Candida albicans

    Christopher B Ford et al.
    Loss-of-heterozygosity mutations, but not aneuploidies, are linked to the evolution of drug resistance in Candida albicans isolated from immunocompromised patients.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genome plasticity in Candida albicans is driven by long repeat sequences

    Robert T Todd et al.
    Previously uncharacterized long repeat sequences are associated with significant genome variation that can increase fitness and promote antifungal drug resistance in diverse isolates of Candida albicans.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Expandable and reversible copy number amplification drives rapid adaptation to antifungal drugs

    Robert T Todd, Anna Selmecki
    Novel segmental chromosome amplifications in Candida albicans provide rapid adaptation to the most widely used antifungal drugs.
    1. Cell Biology

    Integrin-based diffusion barrier separates membrane domains enabling the formation of microbiostatic frustrated phagosomes

    Michelle E Maxson et al.
    The diffusional barrier formed between phagocyte integrin and fungal glucans preserves the microbiostatic phagocytic environment generated during the frustrated phagocytosis of Candida albicans hypha.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Transcriptional rewiring over evolutionary timescales changes quantitative and qualitative properties of gene expression

    Chiraj K Dalal et al.
    Rewiring of transcriptional circuits can preserve a basic output yet alter almost all of the circuit's quantitative and qualitative features.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Diverse stimuli engage different neutrophil extracellular trap pathways

    Elaine F Kenny et al.
    NETs induction, a central component of the innate immune response, utilises assorted signalling pathways as demonstrated through the analysis of healthy and patient neutrophils treated with five distinct stimuli.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Spatial inter-centromeric interactions facilitated the emergence of evolutionary new centromeres

    Krishnendu Guin et al.
    Proximity and homology guided inter-chromosomal translocations drive karyotype evolution.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Centromere deletion in Cryptococcus deuterogattii leads to neocentromere formation and chromosome fusions

    Klaas Schotanus, Joseph Heitman
    Centromere deletion in Cryptococcus deuterogattii results in neocentromeres, which span actively expressed genes and at elevated temperatures cen10∆ mutants are unstable leading to chromosome fusion and silencing of the neocentromere.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Loss of centromere function drives karyotype evolution in closely related Malassezia species

    Sundar Ram Sankaranarayanan et al.
    The centromeres in Malassezia species, by breakage or inactivation, facilitate genome rearrangements that can result in varying karyotypes and contribute to the evolution of these species.

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