88 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Medicine

    An open label trial of anakinra to prevent respiratory failure in COVID-19

    Evdoxia Kyriazopoulou et al.
    Early suPAR-guided anakinra decreases the risk for severe respiratory failure in SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia and restores the pro-/anti-inflammatory balance.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A common 1.6 mb Y-chromosomal inversion predisposes to subsequent deletions and severe spermatogenic failure in humans

    Pille Hallast et al.
    In addition to its academic merits, characterizing the genetic determinants of male (in)fertility and identifying clinically actionable genetic variants can lead to improved diagnosis or even treatment of such conditions.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Medicine

    An integrative model of cardiometabolic traits identifies two types of metabolic syndrome

    Amit Frishberg et al.
    A novel type of metabolic syndrome, derived from computational modeling of phenotypic diversity in normal physiological settings, increases the risk of certain complex diseases.
    1. Neuroscience

    Effects of visual inputs on neural dynamics for coding of location and running speed in medial entorhinal cortex

    Holger Dannenberg et al.
    Spatial accuracy of grid cell firing correlates with the slope of the local field potential theta frequency vs. running speed relationship and integrates velocity signals over past time.
    1. Neuroscience

    Early life stress causes sex-specific changes in adult fronto-limbic connectivity that differentially drive learning

    Jordon D White et al.
    Mice exposed to complex early adversity show similar diffusion MRI changes to those reported in humans and sex-specific changes in connectivity that differentially affect contextual deficits in males and females.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A rat epigenetic clock recapitulates phenotypic aging and co-localizes with heterochromatin

    Morgan Levine et al.
    The first epigenetic clock for rats was developed and revealed to reflect phenotypic aging and captured the effects of longevity interventions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Divergent projections of the prelimbic cortex bidirectionally regulate active avoidance

    Maria M Diehl et al.
    Projections from the prelimbic prefrontal cortex targeting the ventral striatum or the basolateral amygdala bidirectionally regulate platform-mediated active avoidance in rats.
    1. Neuroscience

    Therapeutic effects of anodal transcranial direct current stimulation in a rat model of ADHD

    Da Hee Jung et al.
    High-definition anodal transcranial stimulation alleviated cognitive deficits, affected dopaminergic neurotransmission factors, increased expression of several neurotrophic factors involving brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and activated hippocampal neurogenesis.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Soluble collectin-12 mediates C3-independent docking of properdin that activates the alternative pathway of complement

    Jie Zhang et al.
    A systematic set of experiments reveals how properdin specifically directs AP activation independently of primary C3 deposition additionally as an alternative convertase stabilizer, thus revising immune machinery of complement activation.

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