56 results found
  1. Travel Grants: Another seven early-career researchers receive awards

    Researchers from Denmark, Greece, India, the United Kingdom and the United States receive grants to present their work at meetings around the world.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Pervasive duplication of tumor suppressors in Afrotherians during the evolution of large bodies and reduced cancer risk

    Juan M Vazquez, Vincent J Lynch
    Duplication of tumor suppressor genes contributed to the evolution of large, long-lived elephants.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Behavioural diversity of bonobo prey preference as a potential cultural trait

    Liran Samuni et al.
    Bonobo groups that share overlapping ranging areas and engage in regular social exchange show "behavioural group identity" of hunting techniques in the absence of local ecological variation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Phylogenetic variation in cortical layer II immature neuron reservoir of mammals

    Chiara La Rosa et al.
    The higher amount of cortical immature neurons in brains with expanded neocortices may represent a reservoir of young cells for mammals with reduced neurogenesis.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Convergence between the microcosms of Southeast Asian and North American pitcher plants

    Leonora S Bittleston et al.
    Host characteristics drive the assembly of similar communities within the convergently evolved and geographically distant pitcher ecosystems of carnivorous pitcher plants.
    1. Neuroscience

    Inhibitory control of correlated intrinsic variability in cortical networks

    Carsen Stringer et al.
    A new cortical network model fit directly to multi-neuron recordings reveals that local inhibitory feedback can control neural dynamics, modulate brain state and enhance sensory processing.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Non-classical amine recognition evolved in a large clade of olfactory receptors

    Qian Li et al.
    Fish trace amine-associated receptors evolved a novel structural motif that enables the detection of chemically diverse amine odors in a non-canonical 'inverted' orientation.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Homo naledi and Pleistocene hominin evolution in subequatorial Africa

    Lee R Berger et al.
    A late Middle Pleistocene age for Homo naledi demonstrates a diversity of hominin species in Africa at this critical time in the archaeological record.
    1. Ecology

    Mass enhances speed but diminishes turn capacity in terrestrial pursuit predators

    Rory P Wilson et al.
    Increased mass enhances speed but compromises turning capacity in pursuit predators; this has widespread ramifications for the best strategies for predators and prey during chases according to their relative masses.
    1. Neuroscience

    Gyrification of the cerebral cortex requires FGF signaling in the mammalian brain

    Naoyuki Matsumoto et al.
    FGF signaling is crucial for gyrus formation, proliferation of outer radial glial cells and expansion of upper layers of the cerebral cortex in gyrencephalic mammals.

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