26 results found
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Kv2.1 mediates spatial and functional coupling of L-type calcium channels and ryanodine receptors in mammalian neurons

    Nicholas C Vierra et al.
    A potassium channel, as a nonconducting function, organizes compartmentalized neuronal calcium signaling microdomains via structural and functional coupling of plasma membrane and endoplasmic reticulum calcium channels.
    1. Neuroscience

    Efficient and accurate extraction of in vivo calcium signals from microendoscopic video data

    Pengcheng Zhou et al.
    A new open-source computational toolbox for processing in vivo microendoscopic calcium imaging data performs signal demixing and denoising much more accurately than previously available methods, significantly improving the utility of this imaging modality.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dopamine neuron glutamate cotransmission evokes a delayed excitation in lateral dorsal striatal cholinergic interneurons

    Nao Chuhma et al.
    Dopamine neurons make novel glutamatergic connections to striatal cholinergic interneurons in the lateral dorsal striatum that are mediated by metabotropic glutamate receptors coupled to TrpC channels.
    1. Neuroscience

    A robust activity marking system for exploring active neuronal ensembles

    Andreas T Sørensen et al.
    A new system for tagging activated neuronal population offers multiple advantages over existing systems based on immediate early genes, including greater sensitivity and specificity, and suitability for easy application in species other than mice.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mechanisms of hyperexcitability in Alzheimer’s disease hiPSC-derived neurons and cerebral organoids vs isogenic controls

    Swagata Ghatak et al.
    Increased excitation and decreased inhibition associated with abnormal neuronal morphology, aberrant ion channel properties, and synaptic dysfunction contribute to hyperexcitability in Alzheimer’s disease hiPSC-derived neuronal cultures and cerebral organoids.
    1. Neuroscience

    Generality and opponency of rostromedial tegmental (RMTg) roles in valence processing

    Hao Li et al.
    Rostromedial tegmental neurons encode motivational valence and opponent responses across a wide range of affective stimulus modalities, while also driving dopamine inhibition and conditioned place aversion to aversive stimuli.
    1. Neuroscience

    Diverse modes of synaptic signaling, regulation, and plasticity distinguish two classes of C. elegans glutamatergic neurons

    Donovan Ventimiglia, Cornelia I Bargmann
    Single-neuron synaptic imaging in vivo demonstrates that highly conserved molecules such as UNC-13, UNC-18, and protein kinase C, which are found at essentially every synapse make different functional contributions in Caenorhabditis elegans glutamatergic neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Thalamocortical and corticothalamic pathways differentially contribute to goal-directed behaviors in the rat

    Fabien Alcaraz et al.
    Adaptive decision-making critically depends on antiparallel flows conveying distinct information within thalamocortical circuits, highlighting directionality of functional exchanges as a neural principle potentially at play in virtually any brain circuit with reciprocal projections.
    1. Neuroscience

    Activity-dependent regulation of T-type calcium channels by submembrane calcium ions

    Magali Cazade et al.
    The feedback inhibition of T-type calcium channels by intracellular calcium provides new avenues to better decipher the roles of these low-voltage-activated channels in the fine control of calcium signaling events in physiology and pathophysiology.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The E3 ubiquitin ligase TRIM23 regulates adipocyte differentiation via stabilization of the adipogenic activator PPARγ

    Masashi Watanabe et al.
    TRIM23 plays a critical role in the switching from early to late adipogenic enhanceosomes by stabilizing the PPARγ protein.

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