356 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    The regulation of oocyte maturation and ovulation in the closest sister group of vertebrates

    Shin Matsubara et al.
    Oocyte maturation and ovulation in the sister group of vertebrates, Ciona intestinalis Type A, are triggered by Ci-VP, the Ciona homolog of a typical neruopeptide, vasopressin.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    High-endothelial cell-derived S1P regulates dendritic cell localization and vascular integrity in the lymph node

    Szandor Simmons et al.
    Impairment of the autocrine S1PR1-Gi signaling on HEVs results in high-endothelial cell apoptosis, reduced CCL21-secretion from HEVs, and cessation of HEV-DC interactions and lymphocyte immigration across the high-endothelial barrier.
    1. Plant Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Protein engineering expands the effector recognition profile of a rice NLR immune receptor

    Juan Carlos De la Concepcion et al.
    Structure-led protein engineering can expand the effector recognition profile of plant intracellular NLR immune receptors, providing a proof-of-principle for the development of novel disease resistance mechanisms in plants.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A de novo evolved gene in the house mouse regulates female pregnancy cycles

    Chen Xie et al.
    A female specifically expressed new protein-coding gene that has emerged out of non-coding sequences without detectable signatures of adaptive evolution affects female pregnancy cycles.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Retrograde Ret signaling controls sensory pioneer axon outgrowth

    Adam Tuttle et al.
    Long-range Ret receptor signaling promotes axon outgrowth and regulates growth cone dynamics in pioneer neurons by inducing transcriptional changes in Myosin-X expression.
    1. Neuroscience

    Rbfox1 up-regulation impairs BDNF-dependent hippocampal LTP by dysregulating TrkB isoform expression levels

    Francesco Tomassoni-Ardori et al.
    RbFox1 upregulation modulates the expression of hundreds of genes but only dysregulation of the TrkB.T1 receptor isoform expression causes BDNF-dependent LTP impairments.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Systematic identification of cancer cell vulnerabilities to natural killer cell-mediated immune surveillance

    Matthew F Pech et al.
    CRISPR/Cas9 screens reveal a role for the ubiquitin ligase substrate adaptor DCAF15 in the immune surveillance of cancer cells by natural killer cells.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    B cells suppress medullary granulopoiesis by an extracellular glycosylation-dependent mechanism

    Eric E Irons et al.
    B cells regulate production of neutrophils by a novel mechanism by releasing ST6Gal-1, an active sialyltransferase, that suppresses granulopoiesis.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Toxoplasma gondii infection drives conversion of NK cells into ILC1-like cells

    Eugene Park et al.
    Toxoplasma gondii infection leads to conversion of natural killer cells into cells resembling innate lymphoid cells, group 1, that circulate widely, disrupting current notions suggesting that these cells have distinct lineages.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A crystal structure of a collaborative RNA regulatory complex reveals mechanisms to refine target specificity

    Chen Qiu et al.
    A Caenorhabitis elegans RNA-binding protein, FBF-2, modulates RNA sequence motif recognition through conformational change and partner protein interaction.

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