432 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A CLC-ec1 mutant reveals global conformational change and suggests a unifying mechanism for the CLC Cl/H+ transport cycle

    Tanmay S Chavan et al.
    Crystallography together with electron-resonance spectroscopy, molecular-dynamics simulations, and transport measurements reveal the molecular details of protein conformational change, and how this change contributes to function in a CLC-type chloride/proton exchanger.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Circulating myeloid cells invade the central nervous system to mediate cachexia during pancreatic cancer

    Kevin G Burfeind et al.
    Circulating myeloid cells invade the brain during pancreatic cancer, where they accumulate at a unique central nervous system interface and drive anorexia and muscle catabolism.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    SKAP2 is required for defense against K. pneumoniae infection and neutrophil respiratory burst

    Giang T Nguyen et al.
    SKAP2 is critical for hematopoietic cell protection against Klebsiella infection in mouse lungs, for full phosphorylation of Src Family Kinases, Syk, and Pyk2, and for Klebsiella-induced reactive oxygen species production.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Linker histone H1.2 and H1.4 affect the neutrophil lineage determination

    Gabriel Sollberger et al.
    Linker histones affect the lineage determination of granulocyte precursor cells via regulation of the transcription factor GATA-2.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    HIV efficiently infects T cells from the endometrium and remodels them to promote systemic viral spread

    Tongcui Ma et al.
    CD4+ T cells from the female reproductive tract are unusually susceptible to HIV infection and are altered by HIV in ways that promote survival and systemic spread of the virus.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Progenitors oppositely polarize WNT activators and inhibitors to orchestrate tissue development

    Irina Matos et al.
    Progenitors establish a single-cell length WNT morphogen gradient to transmit signals directionally and differentially to neighbors.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A mammalian Wnt5a–Ror2–Vangl2 axis controls the cytoskeleton and confers cellular properties required for alveologenesis

    Kuan Zhang et al.
    Regulation of cellular properties such as ligand secretion and migratory ability through changes in the cytoskeleton mediated by a Wnt5a–Ror2–Vangl2 axis is a major determinant of alveolar formation.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Role of IL-4 in bone marrow driven dysregulated angiogenesis and age-related macular degeneration

    Takashi Baba et al.
    The IL-4/IL-4Rα axis directory promotes pathological angiogenesis through communications with bone marrow cells leading to neovascular age-related macular degeneration.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    An H3K9 methylation-dependent protein interaction regulates the non-enzymatic functions of a putative histone demethylase

    Gulzhan Raiymbek et al.
    A putative histone demethylase in fission yeast has non-enzymatic properties that regulates heterochromatin assembly and epigenetic inheritance.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Centromere deletion in Cryptococcus deuterogattii leads to neocentromere formation and chromosome fusions

    Klaas Schotanus, Joseph Heitman
    Centromere deletion in Cryptococcus deuterogattii results in neocentromeres, which span actively expressed genes and at elevated temperatures cen10∆ mutants are unstable leading to chromosome fusion and silencing of the neocentromere.

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