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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    The dynamic conformational landscape of the protein methyltransferase SETD8

    Shi Chen et al.
    Integrated experimental-computational approaches were implemented to reveal the dynamic conformational landscape of a biologically relevant protein methyltransferase SETD8 for functional annotation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Nostril-specific and structure-based olfactory learning of chiral discrimination in human adults

    Guo Feng, Wen Zhou
    Training-induced perceptual gain in the discrimination between odor enantiomers is nostril-specific and structure-based, indicating that early olfactory processing of the chemical features of unirhinal input remains plastic in human adults.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Role of D-aminoacyl-tRNA deacylase beyond chiral proofreading as a cellular defense against glycine mischarging by AlaRS

    Komal Ishwar Pawar et al.
    Along with preventing D-amino acids from being incorporated into proteins, D-aminoacyl-tRNA deacylase clears achiral glycine that is incorrectly attached to tRNAAla.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular basis for activation of lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase by a compound that increases HDL cholesterol

    Kelly A Manthei et al.
    Structure of lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase with a covalent acyl-intermediate mimic and a small molecule activator reveals an active conformation and that the enzyme can be activated via its membrane binding domain.
    1. Neuroscience

    An extended retinotopic map of mouse cortex

    Jun Zhuang et al.
    An expanded map of mouse cortex reveals the expansion of retinotopic organization into barrel and retrosplenial cortices.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Developmental adaptations of trypanosome motility to the tsetse fly host environments unravel a multifaceted in vivo microswimmer system

    Sarah Schuster et al.
    Trypanosome development within the transmitting tsetse fly reveals essential adaptations of microbial motility to diverse physical microenvironments.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Helical jackknives control the gates of the double-pore K+ uptake system KtrAB

    Marina Diskowski et al.
    The K(+) uptake system KtrAB is controlled by an allosteric mechanism entirely new for membrane channels, which operates the channel gate over a 35 Å distance.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Coordination of planar cell polarity pathways through Spiny-legs

    Abhijit A Ambegaonkar, Kenneth D Irvine
    A direct connection between distinct planar cell polarity systems orients cells, answering long-standing questions regarding the relationship between systems and the orientation of cell polarity.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Genetic architecture of natural variation in cuticular hydrocarbon composition in Drosophila melanogaster

    Lauren M Dembeck et al.
    Genome wide association analyses in a wild-derived Drosophila melanogaster population uncover extensive variation in cuticular hydrocarbon composition, which may present a target for natural selection and adaptive evolution.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Mechanism of chiral proofreading during translation of the genetic code

    Sadeem Ahmad et al.
    Structural biology has elucidated the mechanism of a configuration-specific enzyme that decouples D-amino acids from the translational machinery and, therefore, is involved in the enforcement of homochirality during protein synthesis.