1,832 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Domestic chickens activate a piRNA defense against avian leukosis virus

    Yu Huining Sun et al.
    To protect the germ line genome, chickens acquire new small RNA-based immune defense in response to recently endogenized retroviruses by turning a truncated provirus into a weapon.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Dual tRNA mimicry in the Cricket Paralysis Virus IRES uncovers an unexpected similarity with the Hepatitis C Virus IRES

    Vera P Pisareva et al.
    A conformational change in the Cricket Paralysis Virus IRES upon double translocation in the ribosome uncovers an unexpected similarity with the Hepatitis C Virus IRES.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    USP5/Leon deubiquitinase confines postsynaptic growth by maintaining ubiquitin homeostasis through Ubiquilin

    Chien-Hsiang Wang et al.
    Maintenance of ubiquitin homeostasis is essential for proper control of the size of postsynaptic density and the growth of specialized membrane structure.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Dynamics of the IFT machinery at the ciliary tip

    Alexander Chien et al.
    During intraflagellar transport (IFT), kinesin-II dissociates from IFT trains at the flagellar tip and its diffusion in flagella serves as a negative feedback mechanism that facilitates flagellar length control in Chlamydomonas.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Zygotic gene activation in the chicken occurs in two waves, the first involving only maternally derived genes

    Young Sun Hwang et al.
    In Aves, the first wave of transcription is derived exclusively from the maternal genome.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Genetic Screen: Hearing lessons from flies

    Yi-Nan Lee, Cheng-Ting Chien
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    1. Neuroscience

    Overriding FUS autoregulation in mice triggers gain-of-toxic dysfunctions in RNA metabolism and autophagy-lysosome axis

    Shuo-Chien Ling et al.
    Elevating FUS level by saturating autoregulation loop in mice causes aggressive motor neuron disease via disrupting protein and RNA homeostasis.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Muscle contraction is required to maintain the pool of muscle progenitors via YAP and NOTCH during fetal myogenesis

    Joana Esteves de Lima et al.
    A novel mechanism links mechanical signals with the molecular YAP and NOTCH signals operating during developmental myogenesis.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Ecology

    Tree crickets optimize the acoustics of baffles to exaggerate their mate-attraction signal

    Natasha Mhatre et al.
    Tree crickets can optimize the baffles they make to increase call loudness without any progressive optimization, and manufacture an optimal baffle in a single attempt, by using a simple yet highly accurate heuristic.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Embryonic Development: The evolution of hearing and balance

    Forrest P Weghorst, Karina S Cramer
    New genetic tools have allowed researchers to compare how the brainstem auditory and vestibular nuclei develop in embryonic chicks and mice.
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