699 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A TORC1-histone axis regulates chromatin organisation and non-canonical induction of autophagy to ameliorate ageing

    Yu-Xuan Lu et al.
    Modulation of histone levels in gut enterocytes by rapamycin treatment alters chromatin organisation and induces intestinal autophagy through transcriptional regulation to prevent age-related decline in the intestine and extend lifespan.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Mesoscale phase separation of chromatin in the nucleus

    Gaurav Bajpai et al.
    Computer simulations show transitions between novel types of chromatin organization (peripheral, central, conventional) depending on chromatin interactions with itself, the lamin and nuclear hydration, measured in recent experiments.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Simultaneous measurement of chromatin accessibility, DNA methylation, and nucleosome phasing in single cells

    Sebastian Pott
    A new method that measures multiple aspects of chromatin organization in single cells has a possible application to study regulatory processes in heterogeneous samples.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Transcription factor MITF and remodeller BRG1 define chromatin organisation at regulatory elements in melanoma cells

    Patrick Laurette et al.
    The PBAF chromatin-remodelling complex is essential for the proliferation of melanocytes and melanoma cells and is recruited to critical regulatory elements by physical and functional interactions with MITF, a transcription factor and master regulator of melanoma.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Chromosome organization by one-sided and two-sided loop extrusion

    Edward J Banigan et al.
    Seemingly contradictory findings of single-molecule and in vivo experiments on a major mechanism of chromosome organization are reconciled by computationally investigating mechanisms of loop extrusion that are consistent with both.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    CTCF and cohesin regulate chromatin loop stability with distinct dynamics

    Anders S Hansen et al.
    Single-molecule imaging of CTCF and cohesin in live cells suggests that chromatin loops are dynamic structures that frequently form and fall apart.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Absolute quantification of cohesin, CTCF and their regulators in human cells

    Johann Holzmann et al.
    Absolute quantification of cohesin, CTCF, NIPBL, WAPL and sororin in HeLa cells implies that some genomic cohesin and CTCF enrichment sites are unoccupied at any one time.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Super-resolution imaging of a 2.5 kb non-repetitive DNA in situ in the nuclear genome using molecular beacon probes

    Yanxiang Ni et al.
    Molecular beacon based FISH shows the capability of visualizing a 2.5 kb non-repetitive genomic DNA sequence in situ in human or mouse nuclear genome at super resolution.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Evidence for DNA-mediated nuclear compartmentalization distinct from phase separation

    David Trombley McSwiggen et al.
    Transient DNA interactions by DNA-binding proteins are utilized by herpes simple virus as an alternative route to generate membraneless compartments in the nucleus without invoking phase separation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Rod nuclear architecture determines contrast transmission of the retina and behavioral sensitivity in mice

    Kaushikaram Subramanian et al.
    Establishing retinal contrast transmission as a novel determinant of mammalian fitness, this research adds functional significance to a prominent exception of nuclear organization, previously described in nocturnal rod photoreceptor cells.

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