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    1. Cell Biology

    A novel biosensor to study cAMP dynamics in cilia and flagella

    Shatanik Mukherjee et al.
    A new FRET-based cAMP biosensor with nanomolar sensitivity makes it possible to measure cAMP dynamics in miniscule subcellular compartments like cilia and flagella.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    T-box3 is a ciliary protein and regulates stability of the Gli3 transcription factor to control digit number

    Uchenna Emechebe et al.
    The transcription and splicing factor T-box3 is present in primary cilia, regulates multiple aspects of limb development, and interacts with members of the protein complex required for the stability and processing of the Gli3 transcription factor.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Cell Biology

    Dynamic curvature regulation accounts for the symmetric and asymmetric beats of Chlamydomonas flagella

    Pablo Sartori et al.
    The self-organised beat of cilia and flagella is dynamically regulated by curvature.
    1. Cell Biology

    Single molecule imaging reveals a major role for diffusion in the exploration of ciliary space by signaling receptors

    Fan Ye et al.
    Membrane receptor proteins move through primary cilia largely by passive diffusion rather than by active intraflagellar transport.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Systematic studies of all PIH proteins in zebrafish reveal their distinct roles in axonemal dynein assembly

    Hiroshi Yamaguchi et al.
    Zebrafish genetics and cryo-electron tomography reveal distinct roles of all vertebrate PIH family proteins in axonemal dynein assembly and cilia/flagella motions, assigning specific dynein subtypes to each PIH protein.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structure of the polycystin 2-l1 ion channel

    Raymond E Hulse et al.
    The selectivity characteristics of PC-2L1, which make it a principal source of calcium in primary cilia function, is presented and advances understanding of the similarity and differences of TRPP ion channels.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Polycystin-2 is an essential ion channel subunit in the primary cilium of the renal collecting duct epithelium

    Xiaowen Liu et al.
    The primary cilia polycystin proteins, polycystin-1 and polycystin-2, affect cilia length in the kidney collecting duct epithelia, but only polycystin-2 is required for the functional ion channel in this organelle.
    1. Cell Biology

    A liquid-like organelle at the root of motile ciliopathy

    Ryan L Huizar et al.
    DynAPs reveal that biological phase separation provides the organizing principle for the complex process of dynein motor assembly in cells with motile cilia.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Co-expression of xenopsin and rhabdomeric opsin in photoreceptors bearing microvilli and cilia

    Oliver Vöcking et al.
    The recently characterized opsin group of xenopsins is likely a major player in animal eye evolution and may have been present in an ancient, highly plastic eye photoreceptor cell type.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cellular encoding of Cy dyes for single-molecule imaging

    Lilia Leisle et al.
    Cyanine fluorophores are encoded as non-canonical amino acids to produce functional proteins in cell-free translation systems and live cells for single-molecule imaging.