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    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The genetic factors of bilaterian evolution

    Peter Heger et al.
    Advanced orthology clustering of bilaterian and non-bilaterian sequences identifies 157 bilaterian-specific genes which are linked to key morphological features of this animal group.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Molecular insights into the origin of the Hox-TALE patterning system

    Bruno Hudry et al.
    Interactions between Hox and TALE genes, which generate bilaterally symmetrical body plans, originated in early multicellular animals.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Sterol transfer by atypical cholesterol-binding NPC2 proteins in coral-algal symbiosis

    Elizabeth Ann Hambleton et al.
    Diversification of a conserved cholesterol binder drives functional replacement of cholesterol with symbiont-produced sterols in corals living in nutrient-poor environments.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Pattern regulation in a regenerating jellyfish

    Chiara Sinigaglia et al.
    Clytia jellyfish regenerate body shape and organs through a mechanically driven process that coordinates tissue remodeling, localized proliferation, and precursor migration and promotes Wnt signaling at a muscle-based landmark.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Ancient origins of arthropod moulting pathway components

    André Luiz de Oliveira et al.
    Evolutionary reconstruction of the ecdysis pathway shows that its major elements are present in the majority of metazoans, providing evidence that they originated much earlier than currently assumed.
    1. Neuroscience

    Comprehensive machine learning analysis of Hydra behavior reveals a stable basal behavioral repertoire

    Shuting Han et al.
    A novel automated behavior analysis method for Hydra identifies pre-defined and new behavior types, and reveals a stable behavior repertoire.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Inhibitory activities of short linear motifs underlie Hox interactome specificity in vivo

    Manon Baëza et al.
    Short peptide motifs can confer specificity to developmental networks by inhibiting protein–protein interactions.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Generic injuries are sufficient to induce ectopic Wnt organizers in Hydra

    Jack F Cazet et al.
    Injuries activate the oral identity-specifying canonical Wnt signaling pathway in Hydra, which can trigger head regeneration in permissive tissue contexts created by the absence of pre-existing organizers.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Landscape of histone modifications in a sponge reveals the origin of animal cis-regulatory complexity

    Federico Gaiti et al.
    The complex chromatin-based genomic regulatory system controlling developmental gene expression in complex bilaterians predates the evolution of morphological complexity and may have been a prerequisite for the evolution of the first simple multicellular animals.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    The last common ancestor of animals lacked the HIF pathway and respired in low-oxygen environments

    Daniel B Mills et al.
    Sponges and ctenophores lack hypoxia-inducible factors, suggesting that the metazoan last common ancestor could have lived aerobically under severe hypoxia and did not need to regulate its transcription in response to oxygen availability.