Comparative -omic analyses of five knockout mouse strains with disrupted mitochondrial DNA expression at different levels provide a high quality resource of altered gene expression patterns that reveal several common secondary patophysiological changes of mitochondrial dysfunction.
Lower mitochondrial coenzyme Q was a consistent feature across multiple in vitro and in vivo models of insulin resistance and was sufficient to cause insulin resistance through increased mitochondrial oxidants.
Publication bias, in which positive results are preferentially reported by authors and published by journals, can restrict the visibility of evidence against false claims and allow such claims to be canonized inappropriately as facts.
A drug-like molecule called ISRIB, which activates the translation initiation factor eIF2B, antagonizes stress responses as diverse as protein misfolding and nutrient deprivation, and restores protein synthesis, enhancing memory.
Plasmodium parasite transcription shifts dramatically along asexual development, and transmission stages variably express important immune evasion genes, suggesting much interesting biology has until now been hidden by bulk analyses.
The first crystal structure of an active plant asparaginyl endopeptidase reveals a tetrahedral intermediate state in its active site, which may help to explain why these enzymes have been independently recruited to perform peptide macrocyclization.