1,174 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Absolute quantification of cohesin, CTCF and their regulators in human cells

    Johann Holzmann et al.
    Absolute quantification of cohesin, CTCF, NIPBL, WAPL and sororin in HeLa cells implies that some genomic cohesin and CTCF enrichment sites are unoccupied at any one time.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Communication between distinct subunit interfaces of the cohesin complex promotes its topological entrapment of DNA

    Vincent Guacci et al.
    The interface formed where Smc3p and Mcd1p bind each other regulates cohesin DNA binding and cohesion by a mechanism independently from its putative role as a DNA exit gate.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Synthetic lethality between the cohesin subunits STAG1 and STAG2 in diverse cancer contexts

    Petra van der Lelij et al.
    STAG1 has been identified as a hardwired genetic dependency of cancer cells harbouring mutations in the cohesin subunit and emerging major tumor suppressor STAG2 holds the promise for the development of selective therapeutics.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Aurora-A mediated histone H3 phosphorylation of threonine 118 controls condensin I and cohesin occupancy in mitosis

    Candice L Wike et al.
    A histone modification that alters the nucleosome structure occurs in mitosis and promotes chromosome packaging and the timely removal of condensin I and cohesion, to achieve chromosome segregation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The ATPases of cohesin interface with regulators to modulate cohesin-mediated DNA tethering

    Gamze Çamdere et al.
    A critical second step in DNA tethering by cohesin occurs after its stable binding to DNA, and this second step is modulated by the Smc3 ATPase active site in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    E3 ubiquitin ligase Bre1 couples sister chromatid cohesion establishment to DNA replication in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

    Wei Zhang et al.
    E3 ubiquitin ligase Bre1-induced H2B monoubiquitination is epigenetically important for recruiting replication factor Mcm10 and cohesion establishment factors Ctf4, Ctf18 and Eco1 to early replication origins to establish sister chromatid cohesion.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Scc2 counteracts a Wapl-independent mechanism that releases cohesin from chromosomes during G1

    Madhusudhan Srinivasan et al.
    In G1 cells, Scc2 loads and maintains cohesin on chromosomes by counteracting a Wapl-independent releasing activity, which is neutralized in S phase by CDK1.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Cohesin-interacting protein WAPL-1 regulates meiotic chromosome structure and cohesion by antagonizing specific cohesin complexes

    Oliver Crawley et al.
    By specifically antagonizing binding of complexes carrying COH-3/4 kleisins, WAPL-1 regulates chromosome structure and cohesion throughout meiotic prophase.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Transport of DNA within cohesin involves clamping on top of engaged heads by Scc2 and entrapment within the ring by Scc3

    James E Collier et al.
    Rigorous biochemical and structural analyses reveal the precise topology of cohesin's association with DNA and suggest a mechanism for how DNA is transported inside the ring.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Cohesin controls intestinal stem cell identity by maintaining association of Escargot with target promoters

    Aliaksandr Khaminets et al.
    Cohesin-regulated 3D genome conformation controls activity of transcription factor Escargot in intestinal stem cells, prevents premature differentiation into enterocytes and maintains intestinal homeostasis.

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