230 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Colistin kills bacteria by targeting lipopolysaccharide in the cytoplasmic membrane

    Akshay Sabnis et al.
    Modulation of cytoplasmic lipopolysaccharide levels sensitises bacteria to polymyxin antibiotics, revealing a novel combination therapeutic approach.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Opposing roles of nuclear receptor HNF4α isoforms in colitis and colitis-associated colon cancer

    Karthikeyani Chellappa et al.
    Proper gut health depends on the balance between two naturally occurring variants of a transcription factor in the colon.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    Tumor suppressive role of sestrin2 during colitis and colon carcinogenesis

    Seung-Hyun Ro et al.
    Sestrin2 loss could be a universal mechanism of human colon carcinogenesis that allows for barrier dysfunction, mTORC1 hyperactivation, unrestricted tumor growth and chemoresistance.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Macrophage dysfunction initiates colitis during weaning of infant mice lacking the interleukin-10 receptor

    Naresh S Redhu et al.
    A detailed time-series analysis reveals that the interleukin-10 receptor prevents susceptibility to microbiota-driven colonic inflammation that emerges at the time of weaning by directly inhibiting the acquisition of a pro-inflammatory intestinal macrophage phenotype.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    ILC3 GM-CSF production and mobilisation orchestrate acute intestinal inflammation

    Claire Pearson et al.
    Innate lymphoid cells, which are dynamic under steady-state conditions, respond to a colitogenic stimulus by mobilizing from cryptopatches and secreting GM-CSF to organize the pro-inflammatory response.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    SCGN deficiency results in colitis susceptibility

    Luis F Sifuentes-Dominguez et al.
    A novel mutation in SCGN is associated with risk for inflammatory bowel disease and implicates the intestinal neuroendocrine compartment in the pathogenesis of this disorder.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The Crohn’s disease polymorphism, ATG16L1 T300A, alters the gut microbiota and enhances the local Th1/Th17 response

    Sydney Lavoie et al.
    Gnotobiotic and conventional mouse models of the IBD ATG16L1T300A SNP reveal gene-microbiota-immune interactions.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Gut microbiota density influences host physiology and is shaped by host and microbial factors

    Eduardo J Contijoch et al.
    The density of the gut microbiota influences the host immune system and adiposity, and can be therapeutically manipulated.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Recurring patterns in bacterioplankton dynamics during coastal spring algae blooms

    Hanno Teeling et al.
    Dynamic successive blooms of clades of planktonic marine bacteria that can be observed during blooms of marine algae follow discernible patterns, part of which might be explained by substrate-induced forcing.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    IgE-mediated mast cell activation promotes inflammation and cartilage destruction in osteoarthritis

    Qian Wang et al.
    Osteoarthritis pathogenesis is driven by IgE-mediated mast cell activation.

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