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589 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Collagen IV and basement membrane at the evolutionary dawn of metazoan tissues

    Aaron L Fidler et al.
    Collagen IV is a primordial extracellular matrix component associated with the transition to animal multicellularity, and enabled the formation and evolution of epithelial tissues.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Synthetic enzyme-substrate tethering obviates the Tolloid-ECM interaction during Drosophila BMP gradient formation

    Jennifer Winstanley et al.
    The in vivo activity of Tolloid during Drosophila dorsal-ventral patterning is regulated by the differential specificity of its non-catalytic domains in mediating substrate and Collagen IV interaction.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Plasma membrane overgrowth causes fibrotic collagen accumulation and immune activation in Drosophila adipocytes

    Yiran Zang et al.
    Excess membrane can trap outgoing extracellular matrix proteins in secreting cells, leading to pericellular deposits that cause tissue damage.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Metazoan evolution of glutamate receptors reveals unreported phylogenetic groups and divergent lineage-specific events

    David Ramos-Vicente et al.
    The animal phylogeny of glutamate receptors indicates that vertebrate types do not account for all receptor classes originated during evolution, neither are they the pinnacle of a linear evolutive process.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Nanoscale protein architecture of the kidney glomerular basement membrane

    Hani Suleiman et al.
    High-resolution optical microscopy is used to reveal the organization of extracellular matrix proteins within the basement membrane of the blood filtration barrier in the kidney at the nanometer scale.
    1. Cell Biology

    Biallelic TANGO1 mutations cause a novel syndromal disease due to hampered cellular collagen secretion

    Caroline Lekszas et al.
    The first human TANGO1-associated syndromal disease manifests as impaired collagen secretion, highlighting the importance of TANGO1 in human pathophysiology.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Norrin/Frizzled4 signalling in the preneoplastic niche blocks medulloblastoma initiation

    Erin A Bassett et al.
    The earliest steps of tumor initiation in the cerebellum are regulated by critical interactions between pre-tumor cells and stromal cells, which can be manipulated by targeting the Norrin/Frizzled4 signaling axis.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Low wnt/β-catenin signaling determines leaky vessels in the subfornical organ and affects water homeostasis in mice

    Fabienne Benz et al.
    Endothelial tightening by augmenting low level Wnt/β-catenin activity in vessels of the mouse subfornical organ, influences neuronal activation in water-deprived mice, linking endothelial barrier properties to neuro-vascular coupling.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Stem cell transplantation rescued a primary open-angle glaucoma mouse model

    Siqi Xiong et al.
    Stem cell transplantation reduces intraocular pressure and preserves retinal ganglion cell function in a mouse glaucoma model, which could lead to a novel therapy for glaucoma to preserve vision.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Whole genome comparison of a large collection of mycobacteriophages reveals a continuum of phage genetic diversity

    Welkin H Pope et al.
    A continuum of genome relationships is discovered through comparative genomics of 627 sequenced mycobacteriophages isolated and characterized in an integrated research/education initiative.

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