727 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Computed tomography shows high fracture prevalence among physically active forager-horticulturalists with high fertility

    Jonathan Stieglitz et al.
    High reproductive effort constrains bone tissue response to physical activity-induced mechanical loading.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Multiscale cardiac imaging spanning the whole heart and its internal cellular architecture in a small animal model

    Graham Rykiel et al.
    Correlative imaging of the heart at multiple spatial scales has the potential to revolutionize the way we understand deficiencies in congenital heart disease.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Preservation of three-dimensional anatomy in phosphatized fossil arthropods enriches evolutionary inference

    Achim H Schwermann et al.
    X-ray imaging reveals well-preserved internal characters in mineralized arthropods from the Paleogene, urging the reexamination of previously neglected fossil collections.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Increase of circulating IGFBP-4 following genotoxic stress and its implication for senescence

    Nicola Alessio et al.
    Protein IGFBP-4 acts as a genotoxic stress mediator that, entering into circulation after its secretion by senescent cells, could promote further senescence phenomena in non-injured cells thus impairing tissues’ homeostasis.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolution of the head-trunk interface in tetrapod vertebrates

    Elizabeth M Sefton et al.
    Both gill musculature and the evolutionarily conserved cucullaris muscle are derived from unsegmented mesoderm adjacent to the first 3 somites, extending the posterior limit of cranial mesoderm.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Computational 3D histological phenotyping of whole zebrafish by X-ray histotomography

    Yifu Ding et al.
    X-ray histotomography produces the first 3-dimensional images with the combined submicron resolution, centimeter fields-of-view, soft-tissue contrast, and potential throughput to enable quantitative, histopathological and centimeter-scale phenotyping for whole-organism phenomics.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    DUCT reveals architectural mechanisms contributing to bile duct recovery in a mouse model for Alagille syndrome

    Simona Hankeova et al.
    Dual resin casting of multiple lumenized systems followed by microCT allows visualization, digitalization, and quantification of architectural parameters defining the vascular and biliary systems in liver revealing new phenotypes.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    The evolution of the vestibular apparatus in apes and humans

    Alessandro Urciuoli et al.
    The morphology of the inner ear distinguishes major anthropoid clades and enables the proposal of various shared-derived features for apes as a whole, lesser apes, and great apes and humans.
    1. Neuroscience

    Enrichment drives emergence of functional columns and improves sensory coding in the whisker map in L2/3 of mouse S1

    Amy M LeMessurier et al.
    Sensory enrichment creates a more columnar, less salt-and-pepper whisker map in somatosensory cortex, showing that impoverished experience contributes to intermixed tuning in rodent sensory maps.
    1. Neuroscience

    The effects of psychosocial stress on dopaminergic function and the acute stress response

    Michael AP Bloomfield et al.
    Imaging and laboratory-induced psychosocial stress showed that exposure to psychosocial adversity was associated with dampened striatal dopaminergic function alongside blunted physiological yet potentiated subjective responses to acute stress.

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