52 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Connexin-43-dependent ATP release mediates macrophage activation during sepsis

    Michel Dosch et al.
    Autocrine activation of macrophages is modulated by Connexin-43-mediated ATP release in response to TLR-4 and -2 agonists in a P2Y1-dependent manner, ultimately determining sepsis survival.
    1. Cell Biology

    Single cell transcriptomics identifies a unique adipose lineage cell population that regulates bone marrow environment

    Leilei Zhong et al.
    A newly identified adipose lineage cell population, MALP, regulates marrow vasculature and osteogenesis in bone.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Junction Mapper is a novel computer vision tool to decipher cell–cell contact phenotypes

    Helena Brezovjakova et al.
    Junction Mapper is a powerful new semi-automated software that provides a fingerprint of cell–cell contact morphometry and receptor density alterations.
    1. Cell Biology

    Misfolded GPI-anchored proteins are escorted through the secretory pathway by ER-derived factors

    Eszter Zavodszky, Ramanujan S Hegde
    ER-resident chaperones and cargo receptors make excursions to the cell surface and endocytic compartments when they accompany misfolded clients to lysosomes for degradation.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Aurora kinase A localises to mitochondria to control organelle dynamics and energy production

    Giulia Bertolin et al.
    AurkA is imported into mitochondria at interphase, and it induces organelle elongation and enhances ATP production when over-expressed.
    1. Neuroscience

    PARIS, an optogenetic method for functionally mapping gap junctions

    Ling Wu et al.
    As the first fully genetically encoded method, PARIS allows cell-specific, long-term, repeated measurements of gap junctional coupling with high spatiotemporal resolution, facilitating its study in both health and disease.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A structure-based extracellular matrix expansion mechanism of fibrous tissue growth

    Nicholas S Kalson et al.
    Tendon fibroblast cells lay down a collagen matrix template during embryogenesis, and the expansion of this matrix drives post-natal tissue growth.
    1. Cell Biology

    Bax and Bak function as the outer membrane component of the mitochondrial permeability pore in regulating necrotic cell death in mice

    Jason Karch et al.
    The proteins Bax and Bak, which increase the permeability of the mitochondrial membrane during apoptosis, are also crucial for generating a mitochondrial membrane pore that is specifically involved in necrosis.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Soluble PD-L1 generated by endogenous retroelement exaptation is a receptor antagonist

    Kevin W Ng et al.
    An ancient integration of an endogenous retroelement in the gene encoding PD-L1 is exapted to generate a soluble form that antagonises the suppressive function of the membrane-bound form.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Optical manipulation of sphingolipid biosynthesis using photoswitchable ceramides

    Matthijs Kol et al.
    Photoswitchable ceramides containing an azobenzene photoswitch behave as light-controllable substrates for both sphingomyelin synthase and glucosylceramide synthase.

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