523 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    KDM2B links the Polycomb Repressive Complex 1 (PRC1) to recognition of CpG islands

    Anca M Farcas et al.
    A protein that can recognize regions of DNA with a high proportion of unmethylated CpG dinucleotides, and then recruit polycomb group proteins to these CpG islands, has been identified.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Developmental Biology

    FBXL19 recruits CDK-Mediator to CpG islands of developmental genes priming them for activation during lineage commitment

    Emilia Dimitrova et al.
    The ZF-CxxC protein FBXL19 recruits kinase-associated Mediator to CpG islands of silent developmental genes in embryonic stem cells, which primes these genes for activation during differentiation and is required for embryonic development.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Synthetic CpG islands reveal DNA sequence determinants of chromatin structure

    Elisabeth Wachter et al.
    Genomic landmarks, known generically as ‘CpG islands’, program chromatin structure via their richness in the dinucleotide CG and their skewed composition of DNA bases.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A KRAS-directed transcriptional silencing pathway that mediates the CpG island methylator phenotype

    Ryan W Serra et al.
    A pathway directed by the KRAS oncoprotein leads to aberrant hypermethylation and transcriptional silencing of many genes including tumor suppressors, thereby promoting tumor development.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Epigenetic conservation at gene regulatory elements revealed by non-methylated DNA profiling in seven vertebrates

    Hannah K Long et al.
    Islands of non-methylated DNA are shown to perform a similar epigenetic role in many different vertebrate species.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Targets and genomic constraints of ectopic Dnmt3b expression

    Yingying Zhang et al.
    Ectopic expression of Dnmt3b leads to wide-spread CpG island hypermethylation that is largely defined by chromatin state and has some distinct features when compared to the cancer methylome.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The long non-coding RNA Dali is an epigenetic regulator of neural differentiation

    Vladislava Chalei et al.
    Dali regulates transcription of the Pou3f3 locus locally and binds and regulates active promoters in trans by modulating DNA methylation status.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    High-throughput engineering of a mammalian genome reveals building principles of methylation states at CG rich regions

    Arnaud R Krebs et al.
    Large numbers of DNA sequence variants comprehensively define how transcription factor binding sites and CG density preserve mammalian promoters from repression by DNA methylation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Identification of slit3 as a locus affecting nicotine preference in zebrafish and human smoking behaviour

    Judit García-González et al.
    Zebrafish studies are able to predict loci and biological pathways affecting human behaviour, paving the way to better understanding of the biological underpinnings of psychiatric disease.

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