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    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Research: NIH peer review percentile scores are poorly predictive of grant productivity

    Ferric C Fang et al.
    Peer review scores were poorly predictive of research project success in this large dataset, suggesting that reviewers cannot reliably predict which meritorious applications are most likely to be productive.
    1. Neuroscience

    Shank is a dose-dependent regulator of Cav1 calcium current and CREB target expression

    Edward Pym et al.
    Changes in Shank gene dosage alter voltage-activated calcium current and calcium-activated gene expression in a manner that parallels the effects of human Shank copy number variation on psychiatric disease risk.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Mixed-mode oscillations and population bursting in the pre-Bötzinger complex

    Bartholomew J Bacak et al.
    Computational modeling reveals the mechanisms by which a diverse group of neurons in the brainstem generates rhythmic breathing in mammals.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Operon mRNAs are organized into ORF-centric structures that predict translation efficiency

    David H Burkhardt et al.
    Operonic mRNAs in bacteria are comprised of ORF (open reading frame)-wide units of secondary structure, which are intrinsically distinct between adjacent ORFs and encode a rough blueprint for ORF-specific translation efficiency.
    1. Cell Biology

    Kinetochores attached to microtubule-ends are stabilised by Astrin bound PP1 to ensure proper chromosome segregation

    Duccio Conti et al.
    Human chromosome-microtubule attachments are stabilised by Astrin-mediated dynamic delivery of PP1 phosphatase to the attachment site, which ensures the normal segregation of chromosomes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Mouse TRPA1 function and membrane localization are modulated by direct interactions with cholesterol

    Justyna B Startek et al.
    The activation and membrane localization of the broadly-tuned noxious chemosensory cation channel TRPA1 are regulated by direct interactions with cholesterol via CRAC motifs in transmembane segments 2 and 4.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Circulating T cell-monocyte complexes are markers of immune perturbations

    Julie G Burel et al.
    Human blood contains T cell-monocyte complexes which are not technical artefacts but reflect true in vivo immune cell interactions.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Reciprocal action of Casein Kinase Iε on core planar polarity proteins regulates clustering and asymmetric localisation

    Helen Strutt et al.
    Casein kinase Iε phosphorylation has opposite effects on the stability of the core planar polarity proteins Strabismus and Dishevelled, leading to their sorting to opposite cell ends.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Cerebellar folding is initiated by mechanical constraints on a fluid-like layer without a cellular pre-pattern

    Andrew K Lawton et al.
    A multi-phase wrinkling model accounts for the radial and circumferential tension and differential expansion between a uniformly proliferating outer fluid-like layer and an incompressible core that together drive cerebellar folding.
    1. Neuroscience

    A novel class of inferior colliculus principal neurons labeled in vasoactive intestinal peptide-Cre mice

    David Goyer et al.
    VIP neurons are a novel class of inferior colliculus stellate neurons that project to long-range auditory and non-auditory targets and integrate inputs from the auditory brainstem and contralateral IC.