702 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The HCN domain couples voltage gating and cAMP response in hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated channels

    Alessandro Porro et al.
    Experimental and computational approaches reveal how ligand binding is coupled to voltage sensing in a HCN channels.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Cerebellar nuclei excitatory neurons regulate developmental scaling of presynaptic Purkinje cell number and organ growth

    Ryan T Willett et al.
    The first born excitatory cerebellar nuclei neurons influence the survival of their Purkinje cell partners which stimulate the expansion of granule cells and interneurons to produce functional local circuits.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The ion selectivity filter is not an activation gate in TRPV1-3 channels

    Andrés Jara-Oseguera et al.
    The TRPV1, TRPV2 and TRPV3 channels are gated on the cytosolic side of the pore, whereas structural changes in the ion selectivity filter associated with activation don't control cation access.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    An mRNA-binding channel in the ES6S region of the translation 48S-PIC promotes RNA unwinding and scanning

    Irene Díaz-López et al.
    The ES6S region of the small subunit ribosome makes a place for the threading and secondary structure unwinding of mRNA, which regulates genome-wide translation.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Neutrophils promote CXCR3-dependent itch in the development of atopic dermatitis

    Carolyn M Walsh et al.
    Neutrophils are essential for itch in a mouse model of atopic dermatitis, and promote the transition from acute to chronic itch via induction of CXCL10/CXCR3 signaling.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Endothelial EphB4 maintains vascular integrity and transport function in adult heart

    Guillermo Luxán et al.
    EphB4 maintains critical functional properties of the adult cardiac vasculature, namely mechanical resistance and fatty acid transport capability, and thereby prevents dilated cardiomyopathy-like defects.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structure of the KvAP channel reveals a non-domain-swapped voltage sensor topology

    Xiao Tao, Roderick MacKinnon
    The structure of KvAP addresses a mechanism of voltage-dependent gating that has been debated for 16 years.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Distinct origins and molecular mechanisms contribute to lymphatic formation during cardiac growth and regeneration

    Dana Gancz et al.
    Cardiac lymphatic vessels of heterogeneous origins and molecular signatures support cardiac growth and regeneration.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Late developing cardiac lymphatic vasculature supports adult zebrafish heart function and regeneration

    Michael RM Harrison et al.
    Zebrafish develop cardiac lymphatic vessels along coronary arteries and this vasculature supports scar reduction following severe damage to the myocardium.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    The DNA-binding protein HTa from Thermoplasma acidophilum is an archaeal histone analog

    Antoine Hocher et al.
    In Thermoplasma acidophilum, an archaeon without histones, a DNA-binding protein acquired from bacteria via horizontal gene transfer mediates histone-like chromatin architecture.

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