84 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Tetramerisation of the CRISPR ring nuclease Crn3/Csx3 facilitates cyclic oligoadenylate cleavage

    Januka S Athukoralage et al.
    A widespread ribonuclease is a CRISPR-associated ring nuclease with a highly unusual cooperative mechanism involving tetramerisation of the enzyme.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    In-silico analysis of myeloid cells across the animal kingdom reveals neutrophil evolution by colony-stimulating factors

    Damilola Pinheiro et al.
    In-silico modeling of gene and protein emergence reveals how colony-stimulating factors contributed to the evolution and functional adaptions observed in mammalian neutrophils.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    PCGF6-PRC1 suppresses premature differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells by regulating germ cell-related genes

    Mitsuhiro Endoh et al.
    PCGF6 links sequence specific target recognition by the MAX/MGA transcription factor complex to PRC1 (polycomb repressive complex 1) -dependent transcriptional silencing of germ cell-specific genes in mouse pluripotent stem cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    COX16 promotes COX2 metallation and assembly during respiratory complex IV biogenesis

    Abhishek Aich et al.
    Biochemical analyses show that mitochondrial COX16 assists in the process of copper insertion into COX2 and reveal a second COX16 function in linking assembly routes of the redox center-containing COX1 and COX2 subunits.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    The dynamic interplay of host and viral enzymes in type III CRISPR-mediated cyclic nucleotide signalling

    Januka S Athukoralage et al.
    The dynamic interplay between type III CRISPR enzymes governs cyclic nucleotide levels and infection outcomes in virus-host conflict.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Cohesion is established during DNA replication utilising chromosome associated cohesin rings as well as those loaded de novo onto nascent DNAs

    Madhusudhan Srinivasan et al.
    Sister chromatid cohesion is established during replication by two independent pathways operating in parallel, one converts chromosomal cohesin into cohesive structures while the other loads cohesin onto nascent DNAs.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Transcriptional networks specifying homeostatic and inflammatory programs of gene expression in human aortic endothelial cells

    Nicholas T Hogan et al.
    An integrative genome-wide approach supports a direct and collaborative role of ETS and AP-1 transcription factors in maintaining endothelial cell-specific and anti-inflammatory gene expression programs.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Control of cyclic oligoadenylate synthesis in a type III CRISPR system

    Christophe Rouillon et al.
    Generation of the anti-viral second messenger cyclic oligoadenylate by type III CRISPR systems is tightly controlled in response to viral RNA load and sequence.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Rad53 checkpoint kinase regulation of DNA replication fork rate via Mrc1 phosphorylation

    Allison W McClure, John FX Diffley
    DNA replication fork rate in budding yeast is regulated in response to DNA damage by phosphorylation of two proteins, Mrc1 and Mcm10, by the Rad53 protein kinase.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Functional asymmetry and electron flow in the bovine respirasome

    Joana S Sousa et al.
    Cryo-EM structure of the mammalian respiratory supercomplex containing complexes I, III and IV shows a functional asymmetry of complex III, providing strong evidence for directed electron flow in the respirasome.

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