88 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Rapamycin rejuvenates oral health in aging mice

    Jonathan Y An et al.
    Short-term treatment with rapamycin reverses periodontal bone loss, attenuates inflammation, and remodels the oral microbiome toward a more youthful state.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Caenorhabditis elegans processes sensory information to choose between freeloading and self-defense strategies

    Jodie A Schiffer et al.
    C. elegans nematodes use a sensory-neuronal circuit to determine whether to defend themselves from hydrogen peroxide attack or to freeload off orthologous protective defenses from bacteria in their surrounding environment.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The primary structural photoresponse of phytochrome proteins captured by a femtosecond X-ray laser

    Elin Claesson et al.
    Time-resolved crystallography provides insight into the photochemical reactions in photoreceptor proteins, explaining the earliest steps of how plants, fungi and bacteria sense red light.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Highly regulated, diversifying NTP-dependent biological conflict systems with implications for the emergence of multicellularity

    Gurmeet Kaur et al.
    Multicellular and socially aggregating prokaryotes contain previously undescribed, chaperone-based systems predicted to mediate defensive biological conflicts, several components of which are thematically similar antecedents of eukaryotic apoptosis pathways.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Fully automated, sequential focused ion beam milling for cryo-electron tomography

    Tobias Zachs et al.
    The automation of cryo-focused ion beam milling enables previously unfeasible cryo-electron tomography projects.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Translational initiation in E. coli occurs at the correct sites genome-wide in the absence of mRNA-rRNA base-pairing

    Kazuki Saito et al.
    E. coli ribosomes incapable of base-pairing with the Shine-Dalgarno sequence are still selective for annotated start sites, indicating these sites are hard-wired for initiation by other mRNA features.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A native prokaryotic voltage-dependent calcium channel with a novel selectivity filter sequence

    Takushi Shimomura et al.
    The small glycine residue in the Cav selectivity filter is an overlooked feature that determines Ca2+ selectivity and provides new insight into the Ca2+ selectivity mechanism conserved from prokaryotes to eukaryotes.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Hidden long-range memories of growth and cycle speed correlate cell cycles in lineage trees

    Erika E Kuchen et al.
    The combination of statistical inference and perturbation experiments reveals that trans-generational inheritance of cell size and cell-cycle speed, coupled through a minimum-size checkpoint, shapes paradoxical cell-cycle correlations in lineage trees.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Casein kinase 1 dynamics underlie substrate selectivity and the PER2 circadian phosphoswitch

    Jonathan M Philpott et al.
    A conformational switch in the Casein Kinase 1 activation loop controls substrate preference to regulate the abundance of the clock protein PERIOD2 and circadian timekeeping.
    1. Ecology

    Substantial near-infrared radiation-driven photosynthesis of chlorophyll f-containing cyanobacteria in a natural habitat

    Michael Kühl et al.
    Cyanobacteria with chlorophyll f show substantial near-infrared radiation-driven photosynthesis and can play an important role for primary production in endolithic, intertidal habitats.

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