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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Total biosynthesis of the cyclic AMP booster forskolin from Coleus forskohlii

    Irini Pateraki et al.
    The entire biosynthetic pathway for the diterpenoid forskolin in Coleus forskohlii has been reconstituted in yeast.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A mitochondrial DNA hypomorph of cytochrome oxidase specifically impairs male fertility in Drosophila melanogaster

    Maulik R Patel et al.
    A 'male-harming' mtDNA mutation has been identified in Drosophila and impairs male fertility without impairing other male or female functions.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    HIF1α stabilization in hypoxia is not oxidant-initiated

    Amit Kumar et al.
    The current findings address the redox regulation of hypoxia inducible factor 1α (HIF1α) stability in hypoxia by showing that cytosolic, mitochondrial or lipid ROS are not necessary for HIF1α stabilization in hypoxia.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Robust and accurate prediction of residue–residue interactions across protein interfaces using evolutionary information

    Sergey Ovchinnikov et al.
    Co-evolving residue pairs in the different components of a protein complex almost always make contact across the protein–protein interface, thus providing powerful restraints for the modeling of protein complexes.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Convergent changes in muscle metabolism depend on duration of high-altitude ancestry across Andean waterfowl

    Neal J Dawson et al.
    Changes in pathways of lipid oxidation, glycolysis, and mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation are common strategies to cope with high-altitude hypoxia, but some changes require longer evolutionary time to arise.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    'Palaeoshellomics’ reveals the use of freshwater mother-of-pearl in prehistory

    Jorune Sakalauskaite et al.
    Ancient proteomes from tiny shell ornaments were successfully characterised for the first time, showing the unexpected use of mother-of-pearl from local riverine molluscs in both coastal and inland prehistoric sites.
    1. Ecology

    Transcriptome analysis illuminates the nature of the intracellular interaction in a vertebrate-algal symbiosis

    John A Burns et al.
    The endosymbiosis between an alga and the spotted salamander shows several parallels to invertebrate-algal symbioses as well as to pathogen associations in vertebrate animals.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Overall energy conversion efficiency of a photosynthetic vesicle

    Melih Sener et al.
    The overall energy conversion efficiency is calculated for a bacterial vesicle that harvests solar energy for ATP production on the basis of an atomic-detail structural model.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Reshaping of bacterial molecular hydrogen metabolism contributes to the outgrowth of commensal E. coli during gut inflammation

    Elizabeth R Hughes et al.
    Bioinformatics analyses and experiments in mouse models reveal how Escherichia coli accesses the molecular hydrogen pool to boost colonization during acute colitis.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Electron transport chain biogenesis activated by a JNK-insulin-Myc relay primes mitochondrial inheritance in Drosophila

    Zong-Heng Wang et al.
    An insulin-Myc feed-forward loop triggered by transient JNK boosts transcription of genes essential for mitochondrial respiration and biogenesis during early oogenesis to support massive mtDNA replication and inheritance in Drosophila.