13 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cooperation between distinct viral variants promotes growth of H3N2 influenza in cell culture

    Katherine S Xue et al.
    The frequent co-occurrence of two variants of influenza is due to the fact that they cooperate, meaning that a mixed population grows better than either variant alone.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Replication Study: Coadministration of a tumor-penetrating peptide enhances the efficacy of cancer drugs

    Christine Mantis et al.
    Editors' Summary: This Replication Study did not reproduce those experiments in the original paper that it attempted to reproduce.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Prosurvival long noncoding RNA PINCR regulates a subset of p53 targets in human colorectal cancer cells by binding to Matrin 3

    Ritu Chaudhary et al.
    Functional and mechanistic analysis of p53-regulated lncRNA PINCR and its interacting RNA-binding protein Matrin 3 uncovers context-dependent regulation of specific p53 target genes during DNA damage.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure and mechanism of a phage-encoded SAM lyase revises catalytic function of enzyme family

    Xiaohu Guo et al.
    The first structure of a bacteriophage-encoded S-adenosyl methionine degrading enzyme was solved and demonstrated to catalyze a unimolecular lyase reaction occurring at the domain interface of a trimeric structure.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Expansion and conversion of human pancreatic ductal cells into insulin-secreting endocrine cells

    Jonghyeob Lee et al.
    Cells from the human pancreatic duct can be grown in culture and triggered to become insulin-producing cells, which could potentially be transplanted into patients with diabetes.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Optogenetic control of gut bacterial metabolism to promote longevity

    Lucas A Hartsough et al.
    Light controls can fine tune microbiome–host interaction to qualitatively regulate host longevity with temporal and spatial precision.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    HetL, HetR and PatS form a reaction-diffusion system to control pattern formation in the cyanobacterium nostoc PCC 7120

    Xiaomei Xu et al.
    Genetic, biochemistry and modeling approaches reveal elements of a Turing-type reaction-diffusion system to control pattern formation in differentiating cyanobacterial filaments.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Structural and kinetic analysis of the COP9-Signalosome activation and the cullin-RING ubiquitin ligase deneddylation cycle

    Ruzbeh Mosadeghi et al.
    The general principles that underlie the mechanism of action of the COP9-Signalosome, a key regulator of the largest family of ubiquitin ligase enzymes in human cells, have been identified using structural and kinetic techniques.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Development of antibody-dependent cell cytotoxicity function in HIV-1 antibodies

    Laura E Doepker et al.
    HIV-specific antibodies that mediate antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity vary in their paths to achieve function but commonly rely on mutations in multiple regions, including framework regions, to reach full potency.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    KHNYN is essential for the zinc finger antiviral protein (ZAP) to restrict HIV-1 containing clustered CpG dinucleotides

    Mattia Ficarelli et al.
    KHNYN, a putative endoribonuclease, interacts with the zinc-finger antiviral protein (ZAP) and is required for the inhibition of HIV replication and RNA abundance by CpG dinucleotides.

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